An even, firm and dry screed is an absolute requirement for the professional laying of parquet and a durable, high-quality floor. In this article you will learn what is important for the professional installation of the subfloor and how long screed for parquet must dry.

Testing of the subsoil

In principle, it is possible to lay parquet on various floors (also existing floor coverings such as PVC, felt or stone) provided they are flat, firm and dry.

The corresponding requirements for the substrate are precisely defined in DIN 18365 for floor covering work and DIN 18356 for parquet work.

If parquet is laid by a specialist, it is subject to a test obligation in accordance with these standards.

Should parquet be inserted on a newly built screed important aspects need to be taken into account in order to meet the conditions for a successful installation.

Flatness

Only a flat surface ensures an optimal result when laying the parquet floor.

Therefore, the flatness of the screed should be checked. This works best with a straight object, such as a straightening bar, a measuring wedge, or a water scale.

If the subfloor does not comply with the standard, the screed must be repaired accordingly before laying parquet.

Strength

In order for the underbody to achieve the necessary level of load-bearing capacity, it must have the appropriate strength.

In particular for the full-surface bonding of parquet using parquet adhesive, a solid screed is the decisive criterion for proper installation.

The condition of the substrate is checked by means of a lattice-scratch test.

For this purpose, diamond-shaped lines are carved into the screed with a pointed object or a special scratching device. There must be no eruptions or seds, otherwise it is not firm enough.

Drying time of the screed

Too much moisture in the subfloor is quite likely to cause damage to the floor covering sooner or later – regardless of whether it is hardwood flooring, vinyl flooring- or cork flooring.

If a new floor is not laid sufficiently dry, it can lead to increased swelling behavior, especially for wooden floors or coverings with support material made of wood fibreboards.

Unattractive dents and bulges, especially in the impact areas, are the result.

Caution is also required with barrier primers, as although moisture penetrates more slowly, it still remains in the house.

Receipt maturity of the screed

Careful procedure, sufficient drying time and exact residual moisture measurement are therefore basic requirements for the readiness of the screed for laying – only then is the subfloor suitable for laying parquet.

Screed is available in various versions, which are reflected in their composition and their drying time. Among the most common species Count:

Cement screed

The most commonly used cement screed consists of sand, cement (as binder) and water – and is therefore one of the flow screeds.

Supplied as a dry mixture, flow screed is mixed directly on site with the addition of water and introduced via a screed pump.

Cement screed is suitable for both indoor and outdoor use due to its moisture resistance and has stable strength values.

During installation and during the drying phase, the ambient temperature must not be below 5°C, draughts and humidity must be avoided – otherwise the surface may become uneven or even cracked.

When is cement screed accessible?

After 2 to 3 days the cement screed can be walked on, after approx. 10 days it can be fully loaded, the readiness for laying is reached after approx. 4 weeks drying phase.

Anhydrite screed

The anhydrite screed, which is also one of the flow screeds, is also enjoying increasing popularity, as the contained binder anhydrite shortens the drying phase.

Due to its good thermal conductivity, anhydrite screed is ideally suited for underfloor heating systems, but on the other hand it is not suitable for outdoor use, as the screed becomes unusable on contact with water.

Dry screed

There is no drying time when dry screed is used. Prefabricated panels made of plasterboard, wood-based material or cement-bound chipboard glued or screwed on the raw floor. Unevenness or too low construction heights must be balanced with granules or be piled up.

In addition, there are other, less common screed screeds such as magnesite screed, cast asphalt screed or synthetic resin screed.

Residual moisture determination

When drying ledges, approximately 1 cm of screed per week is generally considered to be a guideline.

If the screed is over 4 cm thick, two additional weeks should be taken into account, as it has an extended binding time.

In the case of underfloor heating, it is also recommended to heat the screed completely afterwards.

For this purpose, the flow temperature of the underfloor heating system is increased to two thirds of the heating load in 5°C increments and then lowered again. A detailed heating protocol should be kept for control.

After the drying or heating phase, an exact test of the residual moisture is necessary.

Measuring points that have already been set when the screed is applied facilitate the process and ensure a reliable result. Fast binders can affect the values and should therefore be disclosed.

The permissible residual moisture depends on both the type of as well as whether or not underfloor heating is available. Depending on the screed, the standard values are as follows:

  • cement screed: 2 % without floor heating / 1.8 % with floor heating
  • anhydrite screed: 0.5 % without underfloor heating / 0.3 % with underfloor heating
  • magnesite line: max. 4 %

Some parquet adhesives are already approved for higher residual moisture. However, the manufacturer’s information should always be treated with caution.

Moisture measurement with CM method

For residual moisture determination, the measurement is recommended using the CM method (calcium carbide method).

For this purpose, the pressure pressure of a crushed and shaken with calcium carbide is measured with a special device and determined as a value for the residual moisture using a conversion table.

Since the measurement is in principle very complex – and also the only approved test procedure for the publisher’s stiffener – it is recommended to contact a specialist.

Whether parquet, carpet or laminate – excessive load is not good for the floor.

Especially at workplaces with desk and office chair, the floor is heavily stressed.

A floor protection mat as a chair mat prevents damage and protects the floor covering.

Office chair pads – the optimal floor protection

Desk chairs with castors can quickly leave marks on the floor – carpets are rubbed off, hard floors such as parquet or laminate are defaced by scratches or nicks.

Floor protection mats should therefore not be missing under any office chair, as parquet savers or carpet protectors offer effective protection against damage.

Office chair pads are available in a wide variety of designs, colours, sizes and materials.

Which floor saver is best suited depends on several criteria:

On which floor ingesenator is the floor protection used?

There is the right protective mat for every floor.

The offer includes floor protection mats for carpet as well as floor protection mats for hard flooring and parquet.

The surfaces all have a non-slip underside, the surface is often even coated with an antibacterial coating, so that dirt and bacteria have no chance.

Floor protection mats for carpet

As a chair pad for textile floor coverings, the special carpet floor protection mats are equipped with blunt anchor tops on the underside of the mat. These ensure a secure grip so that the protective mat cannot slip.

How long the anchors should be depends on the height of the carpet.

Thanks to the carpet saver, the carpet is neither flattened nor soiled by the rollers of the desk chair and the floor remains beautiful for longer.

Soil protection mats for hard flooring

Hard floors include flooring such as wood, parquet, laminate, tiles, stone, PVC, vinyl and cork.

In contrast to floor protection mats for carpets, floor protectors for hard floors do not have bumps, but have a special non-slip profile.

It is smooth and protects the floor without the underlay slipping.

Floor protection mats for parquet

Hard-floor office chair mats are also suitable as parquet savers.

Its smooth underside has proven to be parquet protection.

The protective mats not only prevent scratches or sanding marks, but also protect the parquet from stains and moisture in case something falls to the floor.

Which material is used as a chair pad for the respective application?

Soil protection mats can be made of different materials, all of which have certain properties and advantages.

Apart from the flooring, personal preferences and requirements for the office chair base are also decisive for the material decision.

PET (polyethylene terephthalate)

Pet floor savers are partly made from recycled bottles and are therefore environmentally friendly.

They also score points for their durability and are highly translucent. They have an effect footfall sound insulation and are also suitable for use on underfloor heating systems.

Polypropylene

Also suitable for underfloor heating and in addition odourless and skin-friendly are floor protection mats made of polypropylene.

They withstand high loads, are scratch-resistant and water-repellent.

Polycarbonate

Due to the properties of polycarbonate, desk chair pads made of this material have a very long service life.

They are not only extremely resilient and hard-wearing, but also resistant to weather, heat and radiation. Also plasticizers or solvents are not contained in these mats.

Natural rubber

Floor protection mats made of the renewable raw material natural rubber are water-repellent and very elastic. The material is also tear-resistant and has an antistatic effect.

What shape or colour should the floor protection mat have?

Due to different designs and colours, the office chair underlay can become quite an eye-catcher.

Those who attach importance to discreet floor protection are well advised with transparent chair documents.

They are barely visible and still offer the desired effect.

The form of the office chair pad depends primarily on the arrangement of the desk.

It is important that the shape of the floor protection mat covers the entire workplace as far as possible.

Lips on the mats provide additional protection against wetness and dirt on shoe soles.

How big should the underlay be?

Like the shape, the size of the desk chair underlay depends on the workstation.

In accordance with the workplace regulation, the freedom of movement must be at least 1.5 m2.

With regard to the dimensions of the floor protection mat, the larger the floor protection.

In addition to the standard sizes, many manufacturers also offer custom-made floor savers.

Attaching and cleaning floor protection mats

In order to protect the floor effectively and sustainably, care must be taken to properly attach the office chair pad.

For floor protection mats for carpets, the smooth side represents the surface, the toped side represents the underside.

In contrast, floor protection mats for hard floors or floor protection mats for parquet have the smooth side at the bottom and the rough side at the top.

The cleaning of floor savers is best done with pure water and subsequent re-drying with a soft cloth.

In the case of heavy contamination, household general-purpose cleaners can be added, sharp or corrosive agents as well as alcohol- and salmiak-holding cleaners should be dispensed with altogether.

If parquet is arched or swollen, excessive moisture is often the reason.

While superficial water damage can be detected quickly and easily, the cause can also be hidden under the floor. In this article you will learn what causes excessive moisture under the parquet and how to proceed in case of water damage.

How does parquet react to moisture?

As a natural wooden floor, parquet always reacts to water.

What is of great advantage in terms of indoor climate and feel-good atmosphere on the one hand can lead to damage in the parquet floor on the other hand.

Too high humidity leads to an increased swelling behavior of the parquet – unsightly deformations are the result.

A different image is created depending on where the water comes from:

  • Moisture spreads from below, parquet forms convex – it swells up and the middle of the rods curves upwards or comes up.
  • If moisture enters from above, the deformations are concave – the so-called “bowl” occurs, the parquet deforms like a bowl, with the edges facing upwards.

Causes of water damage in the parquet

Water damage in the parquet can have many causes. While a fallen water bucket or a room flooded by an leaking washing machine is quickly discovered, there are a number of water damage that is not so obvious.

Thus, the damage is often not noticed until the parquet is swelled or curves. Then it is said to get to the bottom of the matter quickly in order to limit the damage as much as possible.

There are the following options:

Too moist screed

If it is a new building, the parquet may have been on a screed that was too damp.

In order for a newly erected screed to be suitable for laying parquet, it must be completely dry.

As a guideline, a drying time of approx. one week per cm of screed – a classic cement screed is therefore usually sufficiently dried after about 4 weeks. In order to be certain, a residual moisture determination must be carried out using the CM method before laying the hardwood flooring, which determines exactly whether the values are within the approved standard.

Defective water pipes or heating pipes

If there are water or heating pipes – for example from a underfloor heating system – under the hardwood flooring, the water damage may also have been caused by a leak in these pipes. In this case, moisture penetrates into the parquet from below, but this can go unnoticed for a while.

Too high humidity

Particularly with floating parquet laid , bulging can also be caused by excessive humidity. If, in addition, too little space has been left around the edges or at door thresholds to give the parquet the necessary room to swell and shrink, it will mainly come up at the joints.

Water damage in the parquet – what to do?

No matter what the cause is – in case of water damage in the parquet, the motto applies:

The quicker the damage is repaired, the smaller are the consequences and the more likely it is that the parquet can be repaired.

As soon as a water damage has been detected in the parquet, the therefore be acted upon as soon as possible. In this way, it is not only avoid irreparable damage, but it also prevents mold formation, which could sometimes spread to the entire floor construction.

Parquet has the great advantage that it can be easily repaired in most cases with slight to moderate water damage.

A real wood floor is completely destroyed only if the water is on the floor for a long time or the parquet elements in it “float”.

In contrast to other floor coverings, such as laminate, parquet can therefore usually be easily renovated – even the repair of individual damaged areas is possible.

The cost of repairing or remediation measures depends accordingly on the extent of the water damage.

Eliminate superficial water damage in the parquet

Water damage to the surface of the parquet is best repaired by first wiping the water as quickly as possible.

Afterwards, the parquet must dry completely.

If the floor was only in contact with the water for a short time – for example, because a bucket was spilled – it is sufficient to provide the necessary draught in the room by aeration. The affected area can then be treated with a suitable care product.

In the case of larger or longer floods – e.g. due to leaking washing machines or floods – the residual moisture from the parquet and the air must be removed over a longer period of time by a dehumidifier.

It is important to keep windows and doors closed during the entire drying phase – with the exception of impulse ventilation – windows and doors.

Suitable equipment can be rented at DIY stores or specialist companies, the costs for this are usually covered by the insurance.

In addition, in the case of major surface damage, the water may also have penetrated into the joints of the parquet and thus spread moisture under the floor.

If this risk exists, a expert or expert should definitely be consulted, who will examine the water damage in detail and plan further measures if necessary.

Repair water damage below the parquet

If the source of the water damage is below the parquet, has probably already passed some time, which is the expense of the Damage is eliminated.

The most important thing is to eliminate the cause of water ingress. To do this, it is usually necessary to remove the parquet at the affected area. Later the parquet can be fixed again with parquet adhesive.

Once the damage has been repaired, the entire underbody – especially the screed – must first completely dry up before the hole can be closed again.

The use of a drying device is also recommended for this purpose.

In addition, any existing bulk material should be removed. Only when the soil has completely dried out and there are no signs of mold formation, the affected area can be filled with new bulk material and the hole can be closed with new parquet elements.

The old hardwood flooring will probably be too damaged by the effects of water to be reused. Colour differences in the decor can be compensated for by special oils or lacquers or a new parquet sealing.

Signs of mold infestation

If a musty, fashionable or earthy smell goes out after a water damage, this is usually an indication that mold has formed under the parquet.

The extent of the infestation and the possible spread to the dwelling can be investigated by means of an appropriate expert opinion.

If mould is actually found, the parquet must be completely removed and often also the screed underneath must be renovated.

A new screed may only be introduced if the residual moisture in the room is below 4 percent – after that, the corresponding drying time must be observed before a new parquet can be laid.

Since the highest care is required in the refurbishment of parquet after a water damage with mould infestation, the measures should be carried out by a specialist.

parquet floors are fully in line with the trend in Germany.

This can be seen not least in the offers of the parquet manufacturers. The focus is increasingly on exclusive and individual types of parquet and flooring, which above all rely on the original character of the wood.

A natural surface finish and new interpretations of well-known classics – such as the traditional herringbone parquet – are the trends of the hour for the parquet types.

Overview of the most popular types of parquet

Prefabricated parquet floorboards

Landhaus floorboards are usually made of solid wood.

Alternatively, they are also available as multi-layer planks. Country house floorboards in the form of a 3-layer parquet are sold a lot and are an excellent alternative to “real” solid wood floorboards.

This type of parquet is cheaper. In addition, you save a lot of time thanks to the final treatment already carried out. In addition, the three-layer structure reduces the work of the wood. Only rarely do joints occur between the individual planks joints; and if they do, then only to a very small extent

Popular parquet types: Plank
Popular parquet types: Plank

Solid floorboards

This type of parquet is one of the oldest and most traditional types of wooden floor used in buildings.

Modern solid wood planks – for example made of oak, pine or larch – give a wooden floor a natural character.

As a rule, this type of parquet is laid raw and then sanded down before the surface is treated, for example, with floor oil, wax or parquet lacquer.

In the specialised trade, however, “finished” solid parquet is also available, which has an already applied surface treatment.

Types of parquet: Solid flooring
Types of parquet: Solid flooring

Ship floor planks

Floorboards of this type give your premises a robust look and conjure up a touch of nostalgia in your own home.

ship flooring planks spread a natural comfort and promote an attractive living ambience.

Typically, the ship’s floor boards are arranged irregularly and staggered, whereby three bars placed next to each other always characterize the ship’s floor structure.

Here you can choose between numerous types of wood – such as beech, oak, cherry, birch, ash or walnut.

Popular parquet types: Ship's floor
Popular parquet types: Ship’s floor

mosaic parquet, parallel connection

The name is virtually the program here.

The lamellas always run parallel to each other. This gives the whole room a uniform, symmetrical and calm atmosphere.

Regardless of the wood used, the parallel bracing appears very geometric and orderly.

The mosaic parquet itself consists of thin and small wooden lamellas, which usually have a thickness of eight millimetres and edge lengths of twelve to 16 centimetres. Thanks to its low construction height, the mosaic parquet is ideally suited for laying over a underfloor heating system, because there is hardly any obstruction to the heat transfer.

Popular parquet types: mosaic parquet, parallel bond
Popular parquet types: mosaic parquet, parallel bond

mosaic parquet, English association

This is a type of hardwood flooring where the individual wooden lamellas are laid in the so called English bond.

They lie parallel to each other, but are offset by half of the plank bar. Thus the mosaic parquet always appears calm and visually harmonious. In addition, the mosaic parquet sets rustic accents and spreads a pleasant atmosphere.

Parquet type: Mosaic parquet, English association
Parquet type: Mosaic parquet, English association

Industrial parquet

This type of parquet is also known as upright lamella parquet.

The individual solid wood slats are extremely hard and resistant. This extreme robustness then also ensures a long service life.

But the industrial hardwood flooring with its upright lamellas can also score points in terms of design and appearance.

Architects all over Germany use the special laying optics and lay industrial parquet in commercial and public buildings as well as in modern residential projects.

The lamellae have a width of eight millimetres and a thickness of ten to 22 millimetres.

Industrial parquet is a by-product from the production of mosaic parquet. The slats from the mosaic parquet production are simply arranged upright. This results in the similar product dimensions.

Popular parquet type: Industrial parquet (vertical lamellas)
Popular parquet type: Industrial parquet (vertical lamellas)

Classic herringbone parquet

With the fishbone hardwood flooring thus designated, comparatively thin strips are laid at an angle (90 degrees).

Due to the special arrangement a good stress distribution can be guaranteed. The individual parquet strips for this type of laying are available both solid and in three layers, and can even be ordered with a surrounding fibre.

The method of laying is strongly reminiscent of the fishbones of a fish. Visually, the effect of the light incidence is particularly attractive.

The wood shimmers – depending on the angle of incidence – in different brightness levels.

Popular parquet type: Herringbone parquet
Popular parquet type: Herringbone parquet

French herringbone parquet

The French herringbone parquet, like the classic version, offers a laying pattern with an optically interesting play of light.

However, there is a special feature of this type of parquet: the individual parquet strips are bevelled on both sides by 30°, 45° or 52.5° and then lined up next to each other.

A continuous head joint runs between the respective braid rows in this special herringbone parquet.

Popular parquet type: French herringbone
Popular parquet type: French herringbone

Lamp parquet

There are small, large and so-called maxi-lamp parquet elements. Due to the low installation height, the Lamparkett is often used for renovations.

The individual bars are always glued to the substrate with parquet adhesive.

With the Parquet tapis – these are particularly large lamp parquet elements – the individual elements are nailed as well as glued.

The admissibility of the respective wood for this type of parquet must comply with the standards of DIN EN 13227 (tables one to six).

For example, the wood used must not show any cracks and the ratio of bar width to bar thickness must not fall below certain limit values. This is to ensure the dimensional stability of lamp parquet.

strip parquet

This type of parquet is characterised above all by extreme stability and durability.

This is a solid hardwood flooring with classic dimensions. Strip parquet is generally regarded as a traditional classic among parquet types.

In addition, the strip parquet is extremely versatile and can be laid in a wide variety of patterns to suit almost any style of interior design.

The individual bars are preferably 10 to 22 millimetres thick and around 60 to 100 millimetres wide.

The rod length varies according to individual taste.

Popular parquet types: strip parquet
Popular parquet types: strip parquet

Parquet types: Rough differentiation between solid and multilayer parquet

Basically, parquet is available – roughly speaking – in two different types of parquet: as solid parquet or as multi-layer parquet.

The first variant is made from a continuous and solid piece of wood. This variant can then be further subdivided into special types of parquet, such as industrial parquet, mosaic parquet or strip parquet.

If you want to lay such a hardwood flooring , you must always glue it over its entire surface and only then sand it down afterwards.

Laying is therefore rather difficult for laymen. In this case, it is recommended to commission a specialist to lay the parquet.

Many types of parquet are directly available as finished parquet

If, on the other hand, you want to lay planks , which are designed as multi-layer parquet, this is comparatively easier.

This is because parquet types from this group have already been sanded in advance by the parquet manufacturer.

Also the surface of the individual elements is usually already treated.

This is why these types of parquet are also known as finished parquet. In terms of structure, two to three layers of wood are firmly glued together for the respective parquet types, with only the visible layer consisting of the higher quality hardwood.

Parquet types in multi-layer construction can be laid via click connections

The top layer often covers large areas, as is the case with parquet types such as country house floorboards or industrial parquet.

Alternatively, the top layer can also be composed of individual bars.

This can be observed, for example, especially with parquet types such as the ship floor parquet. All types of parquet with multi-layer construction can usually be laid quickly and easily with the appropriate click connections.

Solid wood parquet types are more resistant and durable

Types of parquet made of solid wood are generally much more robust and durable.

This is due to the much thicker layer of wood, which on the one hand is extremely resistant and resilient and on the other hand can be renovated much more often than parquet types with thinner multi-layer construction.

An example illustrates this. Multi-layer parquet types preferably have wear layers of about 2.5 millimetres thickness. Since a sanding process alone removes 0.5 millimetres of wood, the respective types of parquet can therefore only be processed two to three times with the sanding machine at most.

The prices often differ considerably

The parquet prices vary depending on the production method and quality.

Click- or finished parquet types are usually much cheaper than solid wood parquet types. If you want to buy solid parquet and have a rather small budget available, you should take a close look at the industrial parquet designated in this way. Compared to other types of solid wood parquet this is usually cheaper.

Basically parquet can be laid in any room.

However, there are a few points to consider when planning to lay floorboards or parquet in the children’s room.

The floor covering has a positive influence on the indoor climate. However, it is harder than a carpet and, depending on the type of wood and surface treatment, also more sensitive.

Anyone wishing to buy hardwood flooring and install it in the children’s room should find out in advance about the parquet prices and the many wood species as well as design options and parquet types.

If you want to lay planks, the type of wood can be well matched to the interior.

Then a harmonious overall effect is created – children feel comfortable with the floor and furniture and have a cosy room of their own at their disposal.

If you follow a few hints and tips, you can ensure that the hardwood flooring in the children’s room remains neat and attractive.

For example, it is important to protect the floor so that chair legs or toys cannot cause scratches in the hardwood flooring.

What must be considered for hardwood flooring in the children’s room?

Especially in rooms where children play, do handicrafts, paint and romp around, typical dangers for the parquet can arise.

Many activities take place directly on the floor. This already begins at crawling age and continues until school age.

With small children it can happen that drinks are emptied. Either the child drips around with the bottle or it tips out a cup. Liquids are always critical for hardwood flooring.

Although the surface treatment offers a certain degree of protection, the floor must not get really wet. Water, drinks and other liquids should be removed immediately so that the parquet cannot swell.

The situation is even more critical when the diaper leaks or an accident happens to children who are actually already dry.

Especially oak parquet and acacia wood are sensitive to urine. These wood species contain tannic acid. Dark stains form on contact with urine and cannot be removed.

The only countermeasure is to completely renovate the hardwood flooring and also colour dark. Alternatively, the parquet can also be exchanged at these points. The affected elements are milled out and then replaced by new ones. It is fixed with parquet adhesive.

Children and toys on the floor:

On the one hand, this is a good thing, because a level wooden floor is a wonderful playing surface.

Buildings made of wooden bricks or Lego stand stable, small and larger cars whiz across the ground.

Also the ride in a sliding car is really fun on a wooden floor. However, the beauty of the floor can suffer from such activities.

It is important for parents to protect the floor, but at the same time not to restrict the child’s urge to play and move too much.

Unfortunately it happens from time to time that children hit the floor with objects. This does not always have to be an aggressive behaviour or an outburst of anger. Little children are simply fascinated by the sounds!

Clever parents take precautions and offer the child a good alternative:

If there is a rubber mat or a play mat on the floor and toys to make noise with, both work – the desire to produce really loud noises and the protection of the floor.

The parquet floor is also at risk if older children slide around on the floor with chairs. scratches in hardwood flooring are not uncommon.

The floor also has a great attraction when painting, crafting or gluing. It is therefore important to set up a safe place to paint and do handicrafts in good time.

How can parents protect the parquet when a parquet floor is installed in the children’s room?

The correct surface treatment is an important step to ensure that the parquet floor is suitable.

With an oiled surface the parquet has several advantages. This treatment is more ecological and healthier. The floor is easier to clean clean.

A basic cleaning and re-oiling ensure that the surface is beautiful again.

Even a renovation is more successful. While a abrasive sanding with a material removal of at least one millimetre is required for a lacquered floor, the renovation is more successful with an oiled parquet floor. The material thickness is retained.

To prevent this from happening in the first place, some precautionary measures to protect the parquet floor in the children’s room are useful.

chair and table legs should be fitted with felt glides. This helps to avoid scratches when moving chairs as far as possible.

In the room of smaller children there is often a low table, ideal for painting and handicrafts. Underneath, a flat, simple and inexpensive carpet looks good – but if something goes wrong, the parquet stays clean.

If the first desk with the corresponding desk chair moves into the children’s room, a floor protection mat is a good idea. The mat lies in front of the desk and protects the floor. Even a swivel chair with castors cannot damage the floor covering.

A toy carpet is also very practical. Children love to play on the floor – a colourful play carpet feels pleasant to the touch and also provides ideas for playing.

One of the precautions is that painting and craft materials are not stored in the children’s room. Until the child is big enough to understand that the floor is not a painting surface, crayons, wax crayons and felt pens are better kept outside the room.

The right mix of feel-good atmosphere and floor protection, rules and preventive methods is not always easy – but you should also remember that traces of use on a parquet floor tell a story:

Children live here who are doing well – perhaps a more important fact than an absolutely spotless floor.

What kind of parquet do you buy for small rooms?

A small room appears more spacious if a light hardwood flooring is laid. However, the small room can also be deliberately designed with a kind of “cave character”, in which case dark wood species are also possible.

The laying pattern and the parquet type also have an influence on the appearance. Inconspicuous laying patterns are cheaper than small, uneven patterns.

Well suited are the laying techniques “English Association” and “ship floor“, which have a restrained appearance.

A checkerboard pattern is used to accentuate the floor, the pattern is a beautiful eye-catcher in a smaller room. However, you should make sure that the pattern is not too small, otherwise the room will look very restless.

If, on the other hand, you prefer a particularly quiet atmosphere with a generous effect, you can opt for planks or have another planks installed. The herringbone pattern is generally recommended for large rooms. But it can still fit if the furniture is economical to minimalist.

In what thickness do you buy parquet?

The thickness or thickness of the flooring is decisive for the durability. Depending on the intended use and budget, you can choose parquet of different thickness.

The height of the parquet is also important in determining how often the wood can be sanded.

Some clues:

  • Mosaic parquet has a thickness of eight to ten millimetres. It can be sanded four to five times g.
  • Strip parquet is available with a thickness of 14 to 23 millimetres. The planks can be sanded up to five times, and in some species up to seven times. This also applies to ship floor and similar floor boards.
  • With finished parquet it depends on whether it is a two-layer or three-layer parquet. Two-layer parquet has a thickness of 10 to 16 millimetres. With three-layer finished parquet the thickness is 10 to 25 millimetres.

Which parquet is robust?

Hardwood parquet is considered to be very robust. Well suited are the wood species oak and beech, but also exotic woods such as merbau are characterised by their hardness. Bamboo is extremely hard and accordingly resilient.

Just as important as the type of wood is the parquet type itself. Solid parquet is much more robust than multi-layer or finished parquet.

For special requirements, industrial parquet is suitable, which is almost indestructible. If the parquet is laid in the kitchen or in other rooms that are more humid, you should opt for a sealing with lacquer. In addition, gluing using parquet adhesive is always more robust than a floating installation.

Buy parquet with or without bevel?

A chamfer is a bevelled edge. The individual elements of a parquet floor are called planks. Either only the long sides of the plank can be chamfered, or all four sides, including the two front sides.

The chamfers are also named after this: There are long side chamfers and end side chamfers.

If all sides are chamfered, one speaks of a four-sided chamfer or V4 joint. If the bevel is only very slightly pronounced, it is a so-called micro bevel.

Bevelled planks give the laying pattern more structure.

The geometric character is more apparent. Elements with chamfers also have a practical use. This compensates for minimal unevenness in the transition to the next plank. The cleaning- and care properties of a parquet floor with bevel are very good.

What is the wear layer of parquet?

The top layer is the upper part which can be sanded down and resealed in the case of a renovation/renovation.

The wear layer should be at least 3 to 6 millimetres for finished parquet (e.g. ship floor). During a sanding process it also depends on the type of wood how much sanding is done. With hardwood the wood removal is lower, so the parquet can be sanded more often than softwood.

With veneered parquet the wear layer is very thin and therefore not very robust. Sanding is not possible with this type of parquet. For this reason, you should use a office chair underlay especially in places subject to heavy loads, such as office chairs.

Which parquet colours are available?

parquet is available in numerous colours. The authentic wood character is best shown to advantage when the original wood remains as unaltered as possible.

The colour palette covers the entire spectrum: Very light wood types such as maple, birch or ash, wood types with medium colour intensity such as beech, Pear tree, bamboo, robinia or oak, but also dark wood species such as walnut and wenge. Exotic wood species extend the possibilities even further.

The basic material wood can also be changed and influenced in colour using several techniques.

Possible are surface treatments with oil, glaze or varnish. Many colours are possible with glazes and varnishes, even variations that have little to do with a conventional wood colour.

Wood can be treated with steam or smoked and thus take on a darker colour. If you want a white parquet floor, you can also opt for limed oak.

Which parquet is suitable for Kiefer?

With pine furniture it is mainly the style that matters, so that you choose the right parquet.

For the rural-rustic version, a plank floor made of a wood with contrasting colours, either a few shades lighter or darker, but not in the same colour intensity, is suitable. The dark version is suitable for bog oak or smoked oak, for example.

The light alternative can be parquet made of maple or birch. Pine furniture is often found in Scandinavian style. Here, a very brighter, lacquered parquet floor looks good.

If the Nordic style is more classical, a dark hardwood flooring is a possibility, for example made of oak with an intensive dark oil treatment.

Which parquet is suitable for alder?

Alder wood can be yellowish or reddish. A rather dark hardwood flooring, for example made of walnut, wenge or smoked oak, matches the yellowish colour.

Exotic wood species with darker hues are an excellent mix to alder furniture if the style of living is rather unusual and extravagant.

The reddish wood variant harmonises perfectly with a light hardwood flooring, but dark shades also fit perfectly. For example, maple, sycamore maple or birch is well suited for a light-coloured floor. If you prefer the dark variant, walnut is definitely the right choice.

Walnut wood adapts very well to light woods such as alder. Of course, alder furniture can also be combined with dyed parquet in various colours. It is also useful to pay attention to the grain. An even, fine grain is compatible with a lively parquet floor and vice versa.

Which parquet is suitable for beech?

Furniture made of beech can be combined with a beech parquet floor of the same colour beech parquet.

You should make sure that especially the red part fits in the wood species.

There are light beech parquet, but also reddish variants. The term heartwood beech or red beech refers to the age and inner wood content of a tree trunk in which the reddish nuances predominate. The effect can be very subtle, with further colour accents tension is added to the room.

If you want a more lively furnishing style, choose a contrasting parquet floor. Beech furniture and a wengè or walnut floor create a noble effect. Exotic woods in dark colours are also very suitable as partners for beech furniture.

Which parquet is suitable for oak furniture?

Oak is available in several gradations. Among other things, it depends on whether the wood is younger or older, and the surface treatment also has an influence on the colour tone.

Oak furniture generally harmonises well with oak parquet in exactly the same colour tone. But this combination can seem a bit boring. Table and chair legs made of metal instead of wood provide additional accents. A carpet is also a beautiful eye-catcher and loosens up the room.

Be careful if the oak hardwood flooring only slightly deviates in colour, in this case a stronger contrast is better. As an alternative, a parquet floor made of a high-contrast wood is suitable. A darker floor goes well with light oak furniture, while a maple looks good with wild oak or darkened oak.

An intensive, dark parquet floor looks elegant with furniture made of limed or white glazed oak. Rustic oak furniture is perfectly compatible with a floorboard in country house style, here too either the same colour or a contrasting wood colour is advisable.

When should parquet be sanded?

parquet is sanded down during renovation. There is no standard time period for this.

Under normal use, a interval of ten to fifteen years is sufficient. The decisive factor is wear and tear. Depending on how worn out the parquet looks, sanding can be necessary more or less frequently. Often it is also sufficient to repair individual scratches with a parquet repair set.

Most of the water stains and scratches can be reliably removed with it. However, one should bear in mind that wood is removed during each grinding process.

Depending on the parquet type and the respective thickness of the wear layer the parquet floor can be in use for decades. A stronger parquet made of a harder wood species is generally more robust, but can also be sanded more often.

After sanding, the parquet must be freshly sealed again – either with oil, wax or varnish.

Even after new parquet has been laid, it must be sanded down if it is untreated. This removes residues from the parquet adhesive, for example.

When should parquet be resealed?

A new seal is always due when the floor has been sanded down.

The first choice for sealing is a protective, transparent varnish layer. One should apply a primer before painting. This minimizes edge gluing caused by the subsequent application of varnish. It also allows the wood colour tone to be changed.

During renovation, holes, cracks and scratches can also be filled and repaired with wood putty.

The varnish for parquet sealing is available in various versions. You have the choice between glossy, silky gloss or silk matt.

Coloured lacquers are also possible, with which the colour of the parquet can be changed. After sealing with varnish, the floor must dry well before it can be walked on again.

Some parquet types are delivered without sealing. Then, of course, the sealing process is due after the laying. Apart from lacquer, oil or wax can be used. The floor then retains its particularly natural appearance, but is more sensitive to moisture.

Why do you have to prime hardwood flooring?

Parquet should be primed before applying the varnish for sealing.

The process is not absolutely necessary, but often makes sense. When the parquet is primed, it is possible to influence or change the colour of the wood.

In addition, the primer reduces the so-called “edge gluing” of the sealant to be applied afterwards. With a water-based primer, the surface will also become a little brighter.

However, you can also make the wood darker with an appropriate primer or emphasize the natural color more.

After a primer, which is applied with a brush or roller, the paint also holds better.

Why should parquet be primed as well? Special primers with special properties play an important role.

There are primers with ingredients that isolate old oil or wax residues. This is useful in the case of renovation. A special primer is used when processing parquet made of exotic woods. This prevents discoloration or other damage to the surface caused by certain substances that may be present in the wood.

Can I sand the parquet myself?

Even if it looks very simple in different videos, you should leave parquet sanding to the professionals. There are just too many things that can go wrong with it. In addition, handling the machines requires a lot of practice and experience. It is not without reason that the profession of hardwood flooring installer is an apprenticeship with a regular training period of 3 years.

parquet or tiles? When it comes to the floor covering in an apartment, the decision is often made between these two variants, depending on the room use.

Whether tiles or parquet is the better choice depends on subjective preferences, the spatial conditions and the respective material properties.

If you want to buy parquet, you should always keep the different variants in mind. Because here there are sometimes striking differences in quality.

Large price differences between parquet and tiles

There are sometimes considerable differences in prices, although the difference is of course always dependent on the quality. Tiles or parquet – that is not even the decisive point with regard to price differences. Instead, it is a decisive point for which parquet type you ultimately decide.

Parquet or tiles: Solid parquet costs between 40 and 200 euros per square meter

While you can get inexpensive multi-layer parquet in some cases for prices between ten and 15 euros per square metre, high-quality two- or three-layer parquet already costs around 30 to 50 euros per square metre.

The prices for real wood or solid parquet, on the other hand, start at around 40 euros per square metre. Depending on parquet type, wood species and parquet manufacturer the prices for solid parquet will increase. Thus, there are also variants in this area for which you have to invest up to 150 or even 200 Euro per square meter.

Tiles or parquet: prices for floor tiles vary between 25 and 80 euros per square meter

On the other hand, anyone interested in tiles will not be able to avoid porcelain stoneware with this designation.

These are ceramic tiles that offer extremely low water absorption.

As a rule, floor tiles are laid unglazed, although glazed and polished versions are also available from specialist dealers.

The respective prices vary depending on the quality. Thus, porcelain stoneware tiles with an appealing quality are already available from around 25 to 30 euros per square metre.

Especially high-quality floor tiles, which feature special surface designs and extraordinary designs, can also cost up to 80 euros per square meter.

Parquet or tiles: The cost-benefit ratio of parquet

However, the prices of tiles and parquet must always be considered in the context of the benefits.

Real wood or solid wood parquet has an extremely long service life. Because this type of parquet can be sanded several times, depending on the thickness of the lamellas.

However, this very good service life should not be underestimated in comparison to the cost of sanding down wear marks and the cost of new parquet sealing . As a rule, solid wood parquet is sanded every 15 years.

If you have installed multi-layer parquet instead, you can expect a comparatively limited service life of 15 to a maximum of 20 years. Depending on the thickness of the wear layer, multi-layer variants can often only be ground once, but at most twice .

Tiles or parquet: the cost-benefit ratio of floor tiles

If you choose high-quality tiles, you can expect a service life of around 60 years.

Tiles of this type usually have a high degree of hardness. The lower this hardness is, the more the shelf life shrinks.

In principle, however, tiles are always maintenance-free; there are therefore no renewal costs over the course of their service life no renewal costs.

With cheaper floor tiles, however, visible signs of wear are also produced, which is due to the lower degree of hardness.

Tiles or parquet – the essential comparison criteria

Even if, in addition to the price criterion, the subjective approach or one’s own perception is always important, there are important factors that can be objectively compared.

This gives you a valuable decision-making aid at any time for the question “parquet or tiles“:

1. Atmosphere and comfort

Basically, there are no two opinions here, whether parquet or tiles seem more comfortable and atmospheric. The parquet is clearly advantaged by the subtle structure, the comparatively soft surface and the flattering wood shades. Parquet creates comfort and atmosphere.

2. Naturalness and individuality

Parquet is manufactured industrially just like tiles. Nevertheless, wooden parquet is still a piece of nature. A natural look is given. Virtually every single parquet rod has an individual optical character. Tiles are available in many different colour variations and with different surfaces, but the naturalness and individuality of wood is missing here. Tiles often look sterile and underline a rather cool atmosphere.

3. Degree of hardness and resistance

Different types of wood are used for hardwood flooring. Some woods such as pine, larch, chestnut, spruce or alder are soft woods, while oak, robinia and scupira are hardwoods. Scratch marks are therefore also quickly visible on soft woods. It is enough if you have small stones in the apartment unintentionally stuck under your shoes and scratch them while walking over the hardwood flooring. Tiles, on the other hand, generally have a high degree of hardness and are therefore generally more hard-wearing and resistant than parquet.

4. Visibility of joints

When deciding whether parquet or tiles are the better choice, the subject of joints also plays an important role. For tiles, joints of about two to three millimetres are necessary. With parquet floors, joints are avoided for the time being by the laying technique or by the construction. In the winter months the picture changes and visible joints are formed between the individual laying units. This is due to the low air humidity in winter: the parquet or wood shrinks. Dirt often penetrates into these joints and is sometimes difficult to remove. A underfloor heating further intensifies this effect with parquet.

5. Color changes over time

Parquet flooring can change colour after a certain period of time – for example due to sunlight. Thus, over time, the parquet wood usually becomes darker, in some cases also lighter. Example light oak: the colouring becomes darker and darker over time and tends towards yellow. Tiles do not change their colour. The colour fastness is therefore maintained.

6. Cleaning and care

In order to preserve the optical speciality of parquet over a long period of time, the surface should be regularly treated with care oils and cleaning soaps or cleaned. tiles do not require such maintenance. Stains or dirt can be easily removed with a damp cloth.

But for this (oiled) parquet partially absorbs odours – a service that tiles unfortunately cannot offer 🙂

Tiles or parquet – the respective advantages at a glance

The benefits of parquet over tiles

  • Parquet floors create comfort and atmosphere. In addition, parquet feels really warm right from the first skin contact, which makes underfloor heating virtually unnecessary. Tiles, on the other hand, are cold. They appear sterile and do not create any special cosiness.
  • Parquet can be renovated several times, depending on the wood quality. This is not possible for tiles (only marble and granite can be reworked).
  • The walking sound or impact sound is well insulated by the parquet just like the general room sound. This is especially the case if the parquet has been glued with parquet adhesive. Tiles tend to amplify the reverberation and also transmit sounds when walking more than parquet.
  • oiled parquet can partially absorb odours. This applies both to kitchen odours and, for example, also to the smell of cigarette smoke.

The advantages of tiles over parquet

  • Tiles have a greater degree of hardness. They are therefore more robust and less sensitive to scratches.
  • Parquet flooring must be protected at heavily loaded areas with a floor protection mat.
  • Tiles do not require any special care and are also easy to clean. Parquet, on the other hand, must be regularly machined with special cleaning agents.
  • Even if tiles feel cold when in contact with the skin, they conduct heat much better than parquet. As a result, floor tiles are the best flooring for underfloor heating.
  • wood works, stone and ceramic tiles do not. In winter, joints sometimes form between the individual rods or planks during the parquet. This does not happen with tiles.

When fitting out the interior of an apartment or house, but also during renovation work, the question of the right floor covering always arises.

The decision is usually made between hardwood flooring and carpeting, especially when it comes to living room, bedroom and children’s room.

Both floor coverings have specific advantages, but the respective disadvantages must also be taken into account.

In addition, the choice of soil will be permanent for years to come. It is therefore important to choose a floor covering with which one is still satisfied even after a long time.

Basic questions as to whether parquet or carpet is the better choice

Personal taste is usually paramount. Other considerations also play a role:

  • What budget is available? parquet prices are often higher than the price of a carpet.
  • How durable is the flooring?
  • How easy to maintain is the floor, can it be thoroughly cleaned or even renovated if necessary?
  • Is it possible to lay parquet by yourself or do you need professional help?
  • Is parquet or carpet more practical?
  • Is the floor warm and comfortable, what is the footfall sound insulation?
  • What is the condition of the substrate, is there possibly a underfloor heating? Sometimes an old floor covering must be removed before you can lay planks.

The main advantages of parquet over carpet

Wood is a natural material that has a positive effect on the living climate. In addition, floorboards and parquet are available in countless variations. This allows you to create a room design as you wish.

A noble, exclusive and elegant floor covering is just as possible as a more rustic look. Depending on which type of wood you choose when buying parquet, the floor is very durable and robust.

The following advantages can be seen in detail if the choice between parquet or carpet is to be made:

The optical effect of parquet is usually more noble than that of a carpet.

There are indeed very high-quality carpets, but a parquet floor convinces already at first sight.

Depending on the type of wood or parquet type chosen and the surface treatment, parquet is suitable as a complement to classic or modern furnishings.

Parquet is flexible in design: such a floor fits the Scandinavian style as well as an ambience in a rural look.

Parquet has an extremely good influence on the room climate.

The material can absorb odours and neutralise them over time. A wooden floor feels moderately warm, but is naturally harder than a carpet.

The cleaning is simple and problem-free. Depending on the surface treatment, parquet can be cleaned with the brush attachment of the vacuum cleaner.

When cleaning the wet, care must be taken to ensure that the floor cloth is only fog-moist. Afterwards, however, the floor is spotlessly clean again.

In comparison between parquet or carpet, parquet performs better in terms of cleaning results. For allergy sufferers, a parquet floor covering good is suitable.

The maintenance effort is relatively low. Surface treatment plays a role here again: Oiled and waxed parquet needs good surface care every now and then.

In the case of a sealed or lacquered parquet , the lacquer only needs to be renewed when renovating.

If a fundamental renovation of the floor covering is necessary, this is much more successful with a parquet floor.

Parquet can be sanded down several times and resealed. Even if the appearance no longer appeals to you, the parquet can be coloured during renovation. In this way, the visual effect can be adapted to the furnishings as desired.

Both coverings should be protected with a floor protection mat in stressed areas, e.g. under desks.

The main advantages of carpet over parquet

An important criterion in the decision between parquet or carpet is the measures taken during installation.

A carpet floor has a lower installation height than a parquet floor. This means: When renovating or new laying with parquet adhesive, neither doors nor door frames need to be shortened. A thicker parquet floor, on the other hand, requires that doors and frames be adapted must.

The foot feeling is very pleasant with a carpeted floor. The floor covering feels comfortable and soft.

If you still prefer parquet, you can choose a good solution: The flooring consists of parquet, on top of which lies a decorative carpet.

Carpets also have a positive influence on the indoor climate. However, this is only the case if they are genuine natural fibres such as sisal or goat hair (Tredford) carpets, wool or coconut. Synthetic fibres at best cause unpleasant odours over the years, for example when house dust mites and the like settle in the carpet.

Cleaning a carpet is relatively easy. Dust, lint or animal hair can be easily removed with the vacuum cleaner.

The stain removal is more problematic, here it depends on the material. Deep cleaning is possible, but after a few passes the carpet will no longer have its original purity and colour intensity. The more often intensive cleaning is carried out, the faster the carpet becomes dirty.

When a renovation is due, carpet is easier to remove than parquet . For the removal of glued parquet, the use of heavy machinery is necessary.

A carpet that is only fixed with double tape can be removed very easily. A fully glued carpet can be cut into strips and torn off by hand. Adhesive residues can be sanded off with a single disc machine.