parquet floors are fully in line with the trend in Germany.

This can be seen not least in the offers of the parquet manufacturers. The focus is increasingly on exclusive and individual types of parquet and flooring, which above all rely on the original character of the wood.

A natural surface finish and new interpretations of well-known classics – such as the traditional herringbone parquet – are the trends of the hour for the parquet types.

Overview of the most popular types of parquet

Prefabricated parquet floorboards

Landhaus floorboards are usually made of solid wood.

Alternatively, they are also available as multi-layer planks. Country house floorboards in the form of a 3-layer parquet are sold a lot and are an excellent alternative to “real” solid wood floorboards.

This type of parquet is cheaper. In addition, you save a lot of time thanks to the final treatment already carried out. In addition, the three-layer structure reduces the work of the wood. Only rarely do joints occur between the individual planks joints; and if they do, then only to a very small extent

Popular parquet types: Plank
Popular parquet types: Plank

Solid floorboards

This type of parquet is one of the oldest and most traditional types of wooden floor used in buildings.

Modern solid wood planks – for example made of oak, pine or larch – give a wooden floor a natural character.

As a rule, this type of parquet is laid raw and then sanded down before the surface is treated, for example, with floor oil, wax or parquet lacquer.

In the specialised trade, however, “finished” solid parquet is also available, which has an already applied surface treatment.

Types of parquet: Solid flooring
Types of parquet: Solid flooring

Ship floor planks

Floorboards of this type give your premises a robust look and conjure up a touch of nostalgia in your own home.

ship flooring planks spread a natural comfort and promote an attractive living ambience.

Typically, the ship’s floor boards are arranged irregularly and staggered, whereby three bars placed next to each other always characterize the ship’s floor structure.

Here you can choose between numerous types of wood – such as beech, oak, cherry, birch, ash or walnut.

Popular parquet types: Ship's floor
Popular parquet types: Ship’s floor

mosaic parquet, parallel connection

The name is virtually the program here.

The lamellas always run parallel to each other. This gives the whole room a uniform, symmetrical and calm atmosphere.

Regardless of the wood used, the parallel bracing appears very geometric and orderly.

The mosaic parquet itself consists of thin and small wooden lamellas, which usually have a thickness of eight millimetres and edge lengths of twelve to 16 centimetres. Thanks to its low construction height, the mosaic parquet is ideally suited for laying over a underfloor heating system, because there is hardly any obstruction to the heat transfer.

Popular parquet types: mosaic parquet, parallel bond
Popular parquet types: mosaic parquet, parallel bond

mosaic parquet, English association

This is a type of hardwood flooring where the individual wooden lamellas are laid in the so called English bond.

They lie parallel to each other, but are offset by half of the plank bar. Thus the mosaic parquet always appears calm and visually harmonious. In addition, the mosaic parquet sets rustic accents and spreads a pleasant atmosphere.

Parquet type: Mosaic parquet, English association
Parquet type: Mosaic parquet, English association

Industrial parquet

This type of parquet is also known as upright lamella parquet.

The individual solid wood slats are extremely hard and resistant. This extreme robustness then also ensures a long service life.

But the industrial hardwood flooring with its upright lamellas can also score points in terms of design and appearance.

Architects all over Germany use the special laying optics and lay industrial parquet in commercial and public buildings as well as in modern residential projects.

The lamellae have a width of eight millimetres and a thickness of ten to 22 millimetres.

Industrial parquet is a by-product from the production of mosaic parquet. The slats from the mosaic parquet production are simply arranged upright. This results in the similar product dimensions.

Popular parquet type: Industrial parquet (vertical lamellas)
Popular parquet type: Industrial parquet (vertical lamellas)

Classic herringbone parquet

With the fishbone hardwood flooring thus designated, comparatively thin strips are laid at an angle (90 degrees).

Due to the special arrangement a good stress distribution can be guaranteed. The individual parquet strips for this type of laying are available both solid and in three layers, and can even be ordered with a surrounding fibre.

The method of laying is strongly reminiscent of the fishbones of a fish. Visually, the effect of the light incidence is particularly attractive.

The wood shimmers – depending on the angle of incidence – in different brightness levels.

Popular parquet type: Herringbone parquet
Popular parquet type: Herringbone parquet

French herringbone parquet

The French herringbone parquet, like the classic version, offers a laying pattern with an optically interesting play of light.

However, there is a special feature of this type of parquet: the individual parquet strips are bevelled on both sides by 30°, 45° or 52.5° and then lined up next to each other.

A continuous head joint runs between the respective braid rows in this special herringbone parquet.

Popular parquet type: French herringbone
Popular parquet type: French herringbone

Lamp parquet

There are small, large and so-called maxi-lamp parquet elements. Due to the low installation height, the Lamparkett is often used for renovations.

The individual bars are always glued to the substrate with parquet adhesive.

With the Parquet tapis – these are particularly large lamp parquet elements – the individual elements are nailed as well as glued.

The admissibility of the respective wood for this type of parquet must comply with the standards of DIN EN 13227 (tables one to six).

For example, the wood used must not show any cracks and the ratio of bar width to bar thickness must not fall below certain limit values. This is to ensure the dimensional stability of lamp parquet.

strip parquet

This type of parquet is characterised above all by extreme stability and durability.

This is a solid hardwood flooring with classic dimensions. Strip parquet is generally regarded as a traditional classic among parquet types.

In addition, the strip parquet is extremely versatile and can be laid in a wide variety of patterns to suit almost any style of interior design.

The individual bars are preferably 10 to 22 millimetres thick and around 60 to 100 millimetres wide.

The rod length varies according to individual taste.

Popular parquet types: strip parquet
Popular parquet types: strip parquet

Parquet types: Rough differentiation between solid and multilayer parquet

Basically, parquet is available – roughly speaking – in two different types of parquet: as solid parquet or as multi-layer parquet.

The first variant is made from a continuous and solid piece of wood. This variant can then be further subdivided into special types of parquet, such as industrial parquet, mosaic parquet or strip parquet.

If you want to lay such a hardwood flooring , you must always glue it over its entire surface and only then sand it down afterwards.

Laying is therefore rather difficult for laymen. In this case, it is recommended to commission a specialist to lay the parquet.

Many types of parquet are directly available as finished parquet

If, on the other hand, you want to lay planks , which are designed as multi-layer parquet, this is comparatively easier.

This is because parquet types from this group have already been sanded in advance by the parquet manufacturer.

Also the surface of the individual elements is usually already treated.

This is why these types of parquet are also known as finished parquet. In terms of structure, two to three layers of wood are firmly glued together for the respective parquet types, with only the visible layer consisting of the higher quality hardwood.

Parquet types in multi-layer construction can be laid via click connections

The top layer often covers large areas, as is the case with parquet types such as country house floorboards or industrial parquet.

Alternatively, the top layer can also be composed of individual bars.

This can be observed, for example, especially with parquet types such as the ship floor parquet. All types of parquet with multi-layer construction can usually be laid quickly and easily with the appropriate click connections.

Solid wood parquet types are more resistant and durable

Types of parquet made of solid wood are generally much more robust and durable.

This is due to the much thicker layer of wood, which on the one hand is extremely resistant and resilient and on the other hand can be renovated much more often than parquet types with thinner multi-layer construction.

An example illustrates this. Multi-layer parquet types preferably have wear layers of about 2.5 millimetres thickness. Since a sanding process alone removes 0.5 millimetres of wood, the respective types of parquet can therefore only be processed two to three times with the sanding machine at most.

The prices often differ considerably

The parquet prices vary depending on the production method and quality.

Click- or finished parquet types are usually much cheaper than solid wood parquet types. If you want to buy solid parquet and have a rather small budget available, you should take a close look at the industrial parquet designated in this way. Compared to other types of solid wood parquet this is usually cheaper.

Basically parquet can be laid in any room.

However, there are a few points to consider when planning to lay floorboards or parquet in the children’s room.

The floor covering has a positive influence on the indoor climate. However, it is harder than a carpet and, depending on the type of wood and surface treatment, also more sensitive.

Anyone wishing to buy hardwood flooring and install it in the children’s room should find out in advance about the parquet prices and the many wood species as well as design options and parquet types.

If you want to lay planks, the type of wood can be well matched to the interior.

Then a harmonious overall effect is created – children feel comfortable with the floor and furniture and have a cosy room of their own at their disposal.

If you follow a few hints and tips, you can ensure that the hardwood flooring in the children’s room remains neat and attractive.

For example, it is important to protect the floor so that chair legs or toys cannot cause scratches in the hardwood flooring.

What must be considered for hardwood flooring in the children’s room?

Especially in rooms where children play, do handicrafts, paint and romp around, typical dangers for the parquet can arise.

Many activities take place directly on the floor. This already begins at crawling age and continues until school age.

With small children it can happen that drinks are emptied. Either the child drips around with the bottle or it tips out a cup. Liquids are always critical for hardwood flooring.

Although the surface treatment offers a certain degree of protection, the floor must not get really wet. Water, drinks and other liquids should be removed immediately so that the parquet cannot swell.

The situation is even more critical when the diaper leaks or an accident happens to children who are actually already dry.

Especially oak parquet and acacia wood are sensitive to urine. These wood species contain tannic acid. Dark stains form on contact with urine and cannot be removed.

The only countermeasure is to completely renovate the hardwood flooring and also colour dark. Alternatively, the parquet can also be exchanged at these points. The affected elements are milled out and then replaced by new ones. It is fixed with parquet adhesive.

Children and toys on the floor:

On the one hand, this is a good thing, because a level wooden floor is a wonderful playing surface.

Buildings made of wooden bricks or Lego stand stable, small and larger cars whiz across the ground.

Also the ride in a sliding car is really fun on a wooden floor. However, the beauty of the floor can suffer from such activities.

It is important for parents to protect the floor, but at the same time not to restrict the child’s urge to play and move too much.

Unfortunately it happens from time to time that children hit the floor with objects. This does not always have to be an aggressive behaviour or an outburst of anger. Little children are simply fascinated by the sounds!

Clever parents take precautions and offer the child a good alternative:

If there is a rubber mat or a play mat on the floor and toys to make noise with, both work – the desire to produce really loud noises and the protection of the floor.

The parquet floor is also at risk if older children slide around on the floor with chairs. scratches in hardwood flooring are not uncommon.

The floor also has a great attraction when painting, crafting or gluing. It is therefore important to set up a safe place to paint and do handicrafts in good time.

How can parents protect the parquet when a parquet floor is installed in the children’s room?

The correct surface treatment is an important step to ensure that the parquet floor is suitable.

With an oiled surface the parquet has several advantages. This treatment is more ecological and healthier. The floor is easier to clean clean.

A basic cleaning and re-oiling ensure that the surface is beautiful again.

Even a renovation is more successful. While a abrasive sanding with a material removal of at least one millimetre is required for a lacquered floor, the renovation is more successful with an oiled parquet floor. The material thickness is retained.

To prevent this from happening in the first place, some precautionary measures to protect the parquet floor in the children’s room are useful.

chair and table legs should be fitted with felt glides. This helps to avoid scratches when moving chairs as far as possible.

In the room of smaller children there is often a low table, ideal for painting and handicrafts. Underneath, a flat, simple and inexpensive carpet looks good – but if something goes wrong, the parquet stays clean.

If the first desk with the corresponding desk chair moves into the children’s room, a floor protection mat is a good idea. The mat lies in front of the desk and protects the floor. Even a swivel chair with castors cannot damage the floor covering.

A toy carpet is also very practical. Children love to play on the floor – a colourful play carpet feels pleasant to the touch and also provides ideas for playing.

One of the precautions is that painting and craft materials are not stored in the children’s room. Until the child is big enough to understand that the floor is not a painting surface, crayons, wax crayons and felt pens are better kept outside the room.

The right mix of feel-good atmosphere and floor protection, rules and preventive methods is not always easy – but you should also remember that traces of use on a parquet floor tell a story:

Children live here who are doing well – perhaps a more important fact than an absolutely spotless floor.

What kind of parquet do you buy for small rooms?

A small room appears more spacious if a light hardwood flooring is laid. However, the small room can also be deliberately designed with a kind of “cave character”, in which case dark wood species are also possible.

The laying pattern and the parquet type also have an influence on the appearance. Inconspicuous laying patterns are cheaper than small, uneven patterns.

Well suited are the laying techniques “English Association” and “ship floor“, which have a restrained appearance.

A checkerboard pattern is used to accentuate the floor, the pattern is a beautiful eye-catcher in a smaller room. However, you should make sure that the pattern is not too small, otherwise the room will look very restless.

If, on the other hand, you prefer a particularly quiet atmosphere with a generous effect, you can opt for planks or have another planks installed. The herringbone pattern is generally recommended for large rooms. But it can still fit if the furniture is economical to minimalist.

In what thickness do you buy parquet?

The thickness or thickness of the flooring is decisive for the durability. Depending on the intended use and budget, you can choose parquet of different thickness.

The height of the parquet is also important in determining how often the wood can be sanded.

Some clues:

  • Mosaic parquet has a thickness of eight to ten millimetres. It can be sanded four to five times g.
  • Strip parquet is available with a thickness of 14 to 23 millimetres. The planks can be sanded up to five times, and in some species up to seven times. This also applies to ship floor and similar floor boards.
  • With finished parquet it depends on whether it is a two-layer or three-layer parquet. Two-layer parquet has a thickness of 10 to 16 millimetres. With three-layer finished parquet the thickness is 10 to 25 millimetres.

Which parquet is robust?

Hardwood parquet is considered to be very robust. Well suited are the wood species oak and beech, but also exotic woods such as merbau are characterised by their hardness. Bamboo is extremely hard and accordingly resilient.

Just as important as the type of wood is the parquet type itself. Solid parquet is much more robust than multi-layer or finished parquet.

For special requirements, industrial parquet is suitable, which is almost indestructible. If the parquet is laid in the kitchen or in other rooms that are more humid, you should opt for a sealing with lacquer. In addition, gluing using parquet adhesive is always more robust than a floating installation.

Buy parquet with or without bevel?

A chamfer is a bevelled edge. The individual elements of a parquet floor are called planks. Either only the long sides of the plank can be chamfered, or all four sides, including the two front sides.

The chamfers are also named after this: There are long side chamfers and end side chamfers.

If all sides are chamfered, one speaks of a four-sided chamfer or V4 joint. If the bevel is only very slightly pronounced, it is a so-called micro bevel.

Bevelled planks give the laying pattern more structure.

The geometric character is more apparent. Elements with chamfers also have a practical use. This compensates for minimal unevenness in the transition to the next plank. The cleaning- and care properties of a parquet floor with bevel are very good.

What is the wear layer of parquet?

The top layer is the upper part which can be sanded down and resealed in the case of a renovation/renovation.

The wear layer should be at least 3 to 6 millimetres for finished parquet (e.g. ship floor). During a sanding process it also depends on the type of wood how much sanding is done. With hardwood the wood removal is lower, so the parquet can be sanded more often than softwood.

With veneered parquet the wear layer is very thin and therefore not very robust. Sanding is not possible with this type of parquet. For this reason, you should use a office chair underlay especially in places subject to heavy loads, such as office chairs.

Which parquet colours are available?

parquet is available in numerous colours. The authentic wood character is best shown to advantage when the original wood remains as unaltered as possible.

The colour palette covers the entire spectrum: Very light wood types such as maple, birch or ash, wood types with medium colour intensity such as beech, Pear tree, bamboo, robinia or oak, but also dark wood species such as walnut and wenge. Exotic wood species extend the possibilities even further.

The basic material wood can also be changed and influenced in colour using several techniques.

Possible are surface treatments with oil, glaze or varnish. Many colours are possible with glazes and varnishes, even variations that have little to do with a conventional wood colour.

Wood can be treated with steam or smoked and thus take on a darker colour. If you want a white parquet floor, you can also opt for limed oak.

Which parquet is suitable for Kiefer?

With pine furniture it is mainly the style that matters, so that you choose the right parquet.

For the rural-rustic version, a plank floor made of a wood with contrasting colours, either a few shades lighter or darker, but not in the same colour intensity, is suitable. The dark version is suitable for bog oak or smoked oak, for example.

The light alternative can be parquet made of maple or birch. Pine furniture is often found in Scandinavian style. Here, a very brighter, lacquered parquet floor looks good.

If the Nordic style is more classical, a dark hardwood flooring is a possibility, for example made of oak with an intensive dark oil treatment.

Which parquet is suitable for alder?

Alder wood can be yellowish or reddish. A rather dark hardwood flooring, for example made of walnut, wenge or smoked oak, matches the yellowish colour.

Exotic wood species with darker hues are an excellent mix to alder furniture if the style of living is rather unusual and extravagant.

The reddish wood variant harmonises perfectly with a light hardwood flooring, but dark shades also fit perfectly. For example, maple, sycamore maple or birch is well suited for a light-coloured floor. If you prefer the dark variant, walnut is definitely the right choice.

Walnut wood adapts very well to light woods such as alder. Of course, alder furniture can also be combined with dyed parquet in various colours. It is also useful to pay attention to the grain. An even, fine grain is compatible with a lively parquet floor and vice versa.

Which parquet is suitable for beech?

Furniture made of beech can be combined with a beech parquet floor of the same colour beech parquet.

You should make sure that especially the red part fits in the wood species.

There are light beech parquet, but also reddish variants. The term heartwood beech or red beech refers to the age and inner wood content of a tree trunk in which the reddish nuances predominate. The effect can be very subtle, with further colour accents tension is added to the room.

If you want a more lively furnishing style, choose a contrasting parquet floor. Beech furniture and a wengè or walnut floor create a noble effect. Exotic woods in dark colours are also very suitable as partners for beech furniture.

Which parquet is suitable for oak furniture?

Oak is available in several gradations. Among other things, it depends on whether the wood is younger or older, and the surface treatment also has an influence on the colour tone.

Oak furniture generally harmonises well with oak parquet in exactly the same colour tone. But this combination can seem a bit boring. Table and chair legs made of metal instead of wood provide additional accents. A carpet is also a beautiful eye-catcher and loosens up the room.

Be careful if the oak hardwood flooring only slightly deviates in colour, in this case a stronger contrast is better. As an alternative, a parquet floor made of a high-contrast wood is suitable. A darker floor goes well with light oak furniture, while a maple looks good with wild oak or darkened oak.

An intensive, dark parquet floor looks elegant with furniture made of limed or white glazed oak. Rustic oak furniture is perfectly compatible with a floorboard in country house style, here too either the same colour or a contrasting wood colour is advisable.

When should parquet be sanded?

parquet is sanded down during renovation. There is no standard time period for this.

Under normal use, a interval of ten to fifteen years is sufficient. The decisive factor is wear and tear. Depending on how worn out the parquet looks, sanding can be necessary more or less frequently. Often it is also sufficient to repair individual scratches with a parquet repair set.

Most of the water stains and scratches can be reliably removed with it. However, one should bear in mind that wood is removed during each grinding process.

Depending on the parquet type and the respective thickness of the wear layer the parquet floor can be in use for decades. A stronger parquet made of a harder wood species is generally more robust, but can also be sanded more often.

After sanding, the parquet must be freshly sealed again – either with oil, wax or varnish.

Even after new parquet has been laid, it must be sanded down if it is untreated. This removes residues from the parquet adhesive, for example.

When should parquet be resealed?

A new seal is always due when the floor has been sanded down.

The first choice for sealing is a protective, transparent varnish layer. One should apply a primer before painting. This minimizes edge gluing caused by the subsequent application of varnish. It also allows the wood colour tone to be changed.

During renovation, holes, cracks and scratches can also be filled and repaired with wood putty.

The varnish for parquet sealing is available in various versions. You have the choice between glossy, silky gloss or silk matt.

Coloured lacquers are also possible, with which the colour of the parquet can be changed. After sealing with varnish, the floor must dry well before it can be walked on again.

Some parquet types are delivered without sealing. Then, of course, the sealing process is due after the laying. Apart from lacquer, oil or wax can be used. The floor then retains its particularly natural appearance, but is more sensitive to moisture.

Why do you have to prime hardwood flooring?

Parquet should be primed before applying the varnish for sealing.

The process is not absolutely necessary, but often makes sense. When the parquet is primed, it is possible to influence or change the colour of the wood.

In addition, the primer reduces the so-called “edge gluing” of the sealant to be applied afterwards. With a water-based primer, the surface will also become a little brighter.

However, you can also make the wood darker with an appropriate primer or emphasize the natural color more.

After a primer, which is applied with a brush or roller, the paint also holds better.

Why should parquet be primed as well? Special primers with special properties play an important role.

There are primers with ingredients that isolate old oil or wax residues. This is useful in the case of renovation. A special primer is used when processing parquet made of exotic woods. This prevents discoloration or other damage to the surface caused by certain substances that may be present in the wood.

Can I sand the parquet myself?

Even if it looks very simple in different videos, you should leave parquet sanding to the professionals. There are just too many things that can go wrong with it. In addition, handling the machines requires a lot of practice and experience. It is not without reason that the profession of hardwood flooring installer is an apprenticeship with a regular training period of 3 years.

Adhesives for glued installation (non floating)

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Anyone who decides on parquet as a floor covering must first think about more than just the type of parquet, whether it should be solid parquet or multi-layer parquet.

The choice of the parquet type also determines the way in which the parquet is to be laid.

Solid parquet must be glued down, whereas the laying of the planks can also be done “floating” with finished parquet.

Of course, the floor price certainly plays a role in the choice of the product.

When buy parquet some technical aspects should also be considered. For example, not all types of parquet are suitable for underfloor heating.

Last but not least, the durability of the hardwood flooring also plays a role. Because if you live e.g. for rent, there should at least be the possibility to remove the parquet without leaving any residues when moving out. In this case, with laying parquet the “floating installation” is certainly preferable to gluing.

What does a “glued-on installation” mean?

With “glued installation”, the parquet is firmly and permanently bonded to the subfloor using parquet adhesive.

When purchasing, it is important to remember that solid wood parquet is best glued over the entire surface on a suitable and even base.

It is advisable to have this done by the expert.

There are good reasons for gluing parquet or hardwood flooring planks over the entire surface and firmly bonding them to the substrate.

In addition to certain types of parquet, which cannot be laid in any other way, gluing the parquet guarantees above all a high durability.

Glued parquet made of solid wood is easy to renovate and lasts for many decades even in rooms with heavy use of the floor covering.

The direct and firm connection of the parquet with the subfloor thus stands for a high load-bearing capacity.

What does “floating laying” mean?

In contrast to glued installation, with “floating installation” the individual parquet planks are not connected to the subfloor, but only to each other. The parquet lies unfixed on the subfloor, “floats” thus on this.

The connection between the individual pre-finished parquet elements varies from manufacturer to manufacturer, but is usually made by simple click systems.

For the floating parquet installation, therefore, only little manual skill is required. It is also easy to handle even for laypersons. The parquet floor can then be walked on immediately.

Gluing parquet: What are the advantages and disadvantages?

Advantages:

With glued parquet there is no room for movement of the floor and therefore a much lower noise pollution due to impact sound than with floating parquet.

The firm connection with the subfloor ensures that the glued parquet cannot vibrate.

The treading noises are significantly quieter than with floating installation, where the flooring amplifies the sound when it is set in motion by steps or movements.

Parquet glued laid (industrial parquet)
Raw industrial parquet is firmly glued to the substrate. After drying, it must be sanded and sealed.

Glued parquet has a tendency to not to joint formation and material fatigue due to its firm connection with the subfloor.

This means that hardly any cracks can form even under permanent load, into which moisture can penetrate.

Glued parquet is in total very resilient, which significantly increases the service life of the floor covering.

In addition, the parquet can be well renovated during its lifetime and can also be sanded some times over time, if necessary.

Cons:

Glued parquet requires more time during installation and is therefore more cost-intensive.

With glued parquet, it is very difficult or even impossible to correct laying errors after the glue has dried, because once glued, parquet elements can hardly be detached and realigned without damage.

The parquet is not immediately walkable after laying, because the adhesive must first harden. This takes at least 12 hours.

Large quantities of adhesive are required for bonding to the substrate.

Of course, care should be taken to use an adhesive without solvents.

After removing an already glued parquet floor, a reuse is no longer possible.

Also, the removal of the glued parquet can be quite time-consuming.

Accordingly, glued parquet is clearly designed for durability and not for flexibility.

Why glue parquet?

Basically, parquet can be laid or glued as a floating floor.

Bonding has several advantages. Glued parquet is mainly suitable when a very long-term use is planned. This is because the removal of glued parquet is considerably more complicated.

If you live in a rented apartment, you should definitely inform the landlord and ask for permission.

When must parquet be glued? In any case then, if a complicated parquet pattern or a demanding parquet type is planned.

The glued installation technique is ideal for a home with children or in rooms subject to heavy use.

In the laying pattern and in the transition to other rooms, no expansion joints are usually necessary when gluing.

Another factor if the question of when to glue parquet is answered positively: What is important is an adhesive with “healthy” properties, free of solvents and low in emissions.

Advantages and disadvantages of floating installation

Advantages:

The special advantage of floating installation is that it is very easy and quick to do, even by laymen with some skill.

It is only important that the subfloor is level when the parquet is laid.

To ensure this, there is, for example, self-levelling filler. Once the laying work is complete, the parquet can be walked on immediately and the room can be furnished.

Another advantage is the possibility of taking up the floating parquet again if necessary, replacing it if the taste changes, or laying it again elsewhere.

Especially if the parquet is to be laid in a rented apartment, the residue-free removal when moving out is an aspect that should be considered before buying. Floating parquet is the flexible solution here.

Cons:

Floating parquet floors have a lower durability compared to glued parquet floors, as vibrations of the floor covering cannot be avoided.

In the long run, this leads to higher mechanical stress and thus to material fatigue at the element connections.

In the course of time cracks can develop here, through which moisture can penetrate the wood. Floating parquet floors are also more difficult to renovate if they vibrate, e.g. during grinding off.

It should be noted that parquet can only be used for floating installation if it has also been designed and designated for this purpose.

The main disadvantage is the impact sound, which is caused by the fact that the flooring gives way with every step. Like a soundboard, the sound is amplified by vibrations. A impact sound insulation must be applied before floating installation of the parquet on the subfloor to reduce this effect.

With some finished parquet products, the footfall sound insulation is already attached to the individual parquet elements.

Why lay parquet floating?

Floating installation requires little or no adhesive.

This means that there is no need for full-surface bonding to the substrate. Only the individual elements are connected with each other.

The work can be done by do-it-yourselfers and talented laymen. If you use parquet with tongue and groove, the joints can be glued additionally, but this is not not necessary.

If you live in a rented apartment or are planning to remove or replace the parquet floor after a few years, parquet is best installed as a floating floor.

The bottom can be removed relatively easily if necessary. Floating installation is not suitable for solid parquet, this type of parquet must be glued. If, on the other hand, you use multi-layer parquet or ready-to-lay parquet, the floor can be laid as a floating floor. Floating parquet is not as resilient as glued parquet.

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Parquet best glued with underfloor heating

Anyone who has underfloor heating does not therefore have to do without a parquet floor. However, there are a few things to consider. Thus, certain types of wood are less and others more suitable for installation over underfloor heating.

Wood species with unfavourable swelling and shrinkage behaviour such as beech and maple should be avoided at all costs, whereas, for example, oak and walnut are suitable.

However, the decisive factor is that with underfloor heating, the parquet should definitely be glued, because only then is good heat transfer possible.

With floating parquet, on the other hand, there is a layer of air between the subfloor and the parquet, which acts like an insulating layer and impairs heat transfer.

The floor covering plays an important role in interior design. Both the appearance and the practical features should match the function of the respective room. There is a wide range of options to choose from. parquet and laminate are particularly convincing because of the large selection of surface designs.

While parquet is made of real wood, laminate is made of plastics.

The surface can be deceptively similar to real wood.

However, laminate is also available in many other design variants, so that it can be used to imitate a tiled floor, for example.

But which floor covering is the right one when it comes to living spaces and wet rooms? Is parquet or laminate flooring better suited for furnishing business premises? For the decision “parquet or laminate” it is important to know the differences and special properties as precisely as possible.

What is laminate made of? Interesting facts about material and production of laminate

Laminate, the short name for laminate flooring, is a composite material based on plastic.

These are thermosetting plastics, i.e. plastics that cannot be deformed after curing.

Several layers make a resistant floor covering. The decor can be designed in almost any desired look. Laminate flooring with a wood look is a frequent occurrence.

The top layer is a protective layer consisting of a thin paper soaked with a melamine adhesive.

Underneath is the decorative paper that gives the laminate its appearance.

The lower layers are applied to a carrier plate and firmly bonded.

The carrier board is a particle board, either MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard) or HDF (High Density Fibreboard).

The bottom layer is a backing layer of paper or plastic to prevent deformation.

The thickness of a finished laminate board depends on the number of layers and the thickness of the carrier board.

Laminate floors are available in different qualities. Basically, laminate is versatile.

In order to find the right laminate for a particular application, it is helpful to divide the material into load classes.

The higher the load class, the more resilient the laminate flooring is.

Laminate or hardwood flooring: the main differences

The main difference between laminate and parquet is the basic material.

Laminate is made of plastic, while parquet is always made of pure wood.

This distinction has an impact on the usage properties.

Parquet is – besides many other good properties – extremely durable.

High-quality laminate also has a long service life. However, if a laminate floor is replaced, the question of disposal arises.

While wood poses no problems, plastics are difficult to dispose of. Anyone wanting to buy laminate or parquet should also think about sustainability and disposal.

The decision to use laminate as a floor covering can still be the right one. The durability of a high-quality laminate floor with a high stress class makes the flooring ideal for commercial areas.

Cheaper laminate variants are the optimal choice for furnishing a rental apartment.

What advantages does parquet have over laminate?

Parquet is sustainable and durable.

This advantage is particularly evident in the fact that a parquet floor can be renovated very well.

Scratches and dents in the laminate flooring are permanent, parquet forgives damage with its good renovability.

Even after prolonged use with visible signs of wear, a parquet floor can be sanded down and resealed or oiled, which is not possible with laminate.

Anyone who attaches great importance to an authentic look will make a decision with a parquet floor:

Traces of use do not necessarily have to be disturbing, but they do give the real wood flooring character.

Wood has a warm appearance. Laminate can imitate this effect purely optically, but the floor itself is cold.

Parquet on the other hand always feels pleasant. A parquet floor is warm to the feet. A floor covering made of real wood has a positive effect on the room atmosphere.

The indoor climate clearly benefits when the floor is made of pure wood. Oiled parquet floors in particular can even absorb odours from the room air due to their breathable surface.

Wood is a renewable resource. With parquet that comes from sustainable forestry, every builder makes a significant contribution to the protection of the environment.

Moreover, wood is unique. It is possible to imitate a special grain in a laminate floor. In a direct comparison parquet or laminate, however, wood as an original cuts better off.

Parquet or laminate flooring: For which applications is laminate better?

Laminate flooring is very suitable if the rental apartment is to be given a new floor covering.

The good value for money speaks for itself, because laminate is cheaper than parquet.

The prices for parquet are higher, but the quality also speaks for this.

Laying laminate is quick and easy – do-it-yourselfers also get on well with laminate.

Laminate is, however, not suitable for damp rooms, e.g. the bathroom or laundry room. Moisture causes laminate irreversible deformation.

Laminate is well suited for heavily used areas in commercial properties. The hard-wearing floor covering fits in department stores and smaller shops, in hotels and restaurants.

Laminate flooring also makes sense in offices and administrative buildings as well as in social facilities, for example in a day-care centre for children or a retirement home. However, especially in offices, both parquet and laminate should be protected with an office chair underlay.

For which areas should you choose parquet instead of laminate?

Whether parquet or laminate makes more sense depends on the area of application, but also on your own expectations.

Parquet has a noble aura. A parquet floor is of high quality, and accordingly it is also very effective in demanding areas.

In the house and in the apartment parquet is suitable for all areas. Parquet flooring not only fits in the living room, bedroom and children’s room, but also in the kitchen and can even be laid in the bathroom. A floor made of real wood is a perfect match for a healthy lifestyle.

Anyone who has planks laid can count on a high-quality, sustainable floor covering.

In commercial areas, parquet is always the right choice when it is a elevated ambience.

The small, fine boutique, the cosy café or the elegant lounge area of a hotel receive a pleasant and harmonious overall effect with a high-quality parquet floor.

Parquet flooring also makes an excellent impression in a law firm, in a stylish office or on the executive floor.

The differences in laying: How to lay parquet or laminate

For the laying of hardwood flooring the skills of a specialist are required.

For parquet there are options, it can be glued with parquet adhesive or laid as a floating installation.

This alternative does not exist for laminate, where a floating installation is always necessary. Laminate works hard and must be exposed. The advantage is the quick installation, the disadvantage is the higher impact sound.

What is better suited for underfloor heating, parquet or laminate?

For underfloor heating, a glued floor is much better due to the higher heat transmission.

Since laminate must not be glued, parquet is the right choice for underfloor heating.

In this article recommended products for cleaning oiled parquet:

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Unlike conventional floor coverings, with parquet the correct cleaning and care is extremely important.

With the right care measures and cleaning adapted to the requirements of the parquet, the floor will remain fresh, clean and always well maintained.

Cleaning and maintenance of parquet is not difficult if some rules are followed. Wood reacts sensitively to moisture, so when cleaning parquet, care must be taken to ensure that the floor does not get completely wet.

The cleaning utensils also play a role, so that the parquet can be maintained without causing damage. With good equipment, cleaning is relatively effortless.

Recommended product for cleaning sealed parquet:

Basically, when cleaning parquet, a distinction is first made between sealed or oiled parquet.

The second consideration: Do the wooden floorboards need to be cleaned thoroughly or is it sufficient to remove dust and crumbs? Now and then, more extensive measures are necessary if the parquet is to be maintained and treated well.

Parquet and vacuum cleaner: Is the vacuum cleaner allowed to clean the parquet?

Parquet floors may be vacuumed if the vacuum cleaner has a special hard floor nozzle.

This ensures that the parquet floor is not damaged.

You should be careful when handling the vacuum cleaner – especially if it is a floor vacuum cleaner. With handheld vacuum cleaners, only the nozzle comes into contact with the floor.

It is also advisable to use a small cordless vacuum cleaner, recommended for example in households with children, if crumbs fall to the floor frequently.

Otherwise, a soft mop is sufficient for removing dust and crumbs, with which crumbs and dust lint can be quickly removed. The use of a steam cleaner is only recommended in rare cases.

Cleaning sealed parquet: This is how the sealed wooden floor becomes fresh and clean again

In addition to dry cleaning, wet cleaning is a further component of parquet cleaning.

Sealed parquet is more sensitive to water than oiled parquet. The professional advice is that a sealed parquet floor must not be exposed to too much water.

Water can creep under the parquet sealing. The wood can swell in the worst case.

Grey veils can form at the joints of the parquet, other unsightly discolourations are also possible.

If you want to clean hardwood flooring damp, you should pay attention to the note “damp fogging“.

This means that the mop or cloth must be wrung out thoroughly and only slightly damp.

Under no circumstances should puddles form on the parquet floor. The mop contains the right amount of moisture if the floor dries again immediately.

Water without additives is suitable, but you can also use a suitable parquet cleaner for cleaning the parquet.

Important: The best choice is a parquet cleaner recommended by the parquet manufacturer. Please do not experiment yourself!

Certain cleaning agents are even extremely harmful. Vinegar cleaner may be used e.g. never, it can lead to discoloration which cannot be removed.

If there is particularly heavy soiling, use an intensive cleaner to clean the parquet.

Here too, the manufacturer’s instructions must be observed. The room should be well ventilated during and after cleaning.

Sometimes liquids can be spilled. Be it from carelessness while watering flowers or through a fallen glass. In this case, water and other liquids should be absorbed as soon as possible. This way nothing can penetrate the parquet.

Clean hardwood flooring properly
Clean the parquet properly with a mop

Clean oiled parquet: Tips for careful cleaning

Even oiled parquet should not get really wet, but in principle a little more water is allowed when cleaning parquet.

The ideal cleaning agent is a special wood floor soap.

Follow the instructions on the packaging. The wooden floor soap may foam when cleaning the floor, damage or grey haze does not occur when using the soap.

The components of the wood floor soap have positive effects for oiled parquet.

The soap contains not only cleansing substances, but also caring oils and waxes. In this way, the floorboard floor receives the right care with every cleaning process.

If there are only a few traces to be removed, a slightly damp mop without detergent is sufficient, but cleaning should not be carried out over a long period of time exclusively with water.

Good ventilation is also important for oiled parquet. After damp cleaning, the parquet floor must dry before it is walked on again so that no footprints remain.

Caring for sealed parquet: How to preserve the beauty of the parquet

Sealed parquet remains permanently beautiful with the right care measures.

It is advisable to lay the parquet immediately after the floor if a special initial maintenance is used.

This measure should also be applied after the laying flooring.

The parquet manufacturer recommends products that are suitable for parquet maintenance. Special products are also useful for ongoing cleaning and care.

There are two possibilities here:

  1. You can use a combined wipe care, in which case the care product is already integrated.
  2. Alternatively, if only a cleaning agent is used, a parquet care product should be applied approximately every four to six months.

In rooms with heavy use, for example in commercially used rooms, special care is required more often.

Maintain oiled parquet: The requirements of an oiled parquet floor

If you want to maintain oiled parquet, you can opt for a wood floor soap right away.

The oils and waxes it contains are sufficient for normal care. In addition, the floor may be treated with a special maintenance oil. It makes sense to apply a maintenance oil about once or twice a year when caring for your parquet floor.

If the ongoing maintenance cleaning should only be carried out with a conventional parquet cleaner, the maintenance measure with maintenance oil is necessary more often.

A cotton mop is very well suited for applying the care oil.

Cleaning heavily soiled parquet

If the parquet floor is extremely dirty, a specialist company is the right place to go. You can rent polishing machines or hire the expert who will clean the wooden floor with the appropriate equipment and intensive cleaning agents and bring it back to life.

When does one have to re-oil parquet?

The purpose of re-oiling is to maintain the resistance of the parquet. The “untreated” character is shown to its best advantage, but the parquet needs the right care with re-oiling.

Re-oiling is recommended about once a year. For a very lightly used floor, treatment every two years is sufficient.

Floors that are subject to heavy use should be oiled more often. In public buildings, this can even happen once a week.

Before re-oiling, the floor must be thoroughly cleaned (remove all removable objects such as carpets or floor protection mats etc.). The floor can be wiped with a damp cloth. For heavy soiling, but also simply as care, you can use a special wood soap.

After cleaning, the floor must dry well for at least five hours. Only then is the care oil applied. For re-oiling, the oil is also available in spray form.

The applied oil must be well absorbed, then the floor is polished. No remains of the oil should remain on the ground. A good wood care oil ensures that the wood is antistatic and resistant to dirt. The floor is given a matt, silky shimmer.

Further products & Bestseller on the subject of “parquet cleaners

Underfloor heating is considered a comfortable heating option.

No disturbing radiators as well as a pleasant and even heating effect are the big advantages.

However, if the underfloor heating is used at the same time as a parquet floor, problems may occur.

By following important instructions, it is possible to avoid the disadvantages and enjoy the advantages of underfloor heating without restrictions.

A professional advice is useful to find out which parquet is suitable for underfloor heating.

To ensure that hardwood flooring and underfloor heating are compatible with each other, it is important to choose the right hardwood flooring and the type of parquet.

One should already consider all factors before the buy parquet.

The parquet adhesive used and the correct temperature setting of the underfloor heating also play an important role.

In order to ensure that the hardwood flooring shows to its best advantage in underfloor heating and does not have any negative effects, the advice of a specialist is required.

The professional knows the requirements:

  • What is important for laying parquet if underfloor heating is planned?
  • What must be observed when laying planks so that the underfloor heating can work properly?

The best parquet for underfloor heating

Parquet flooring and underfloor heating can get along well if important points are clarified in advance.

Underfloor heating must be a hot water heating system. Electric heating systems are not suitable.

The second question deals with the choice of suitable parquet as floor covering. Here, the type of wood is decisive.

Wood generally conducts heat only slowly.

With a higher raw wood density, however, the heat conduction can be improved. All tropical woods are among the woods with the highest density. These include, for example, the well-known teak wood, but Jatoba, Merbau and Wenge are also well suited.

If tropical woods are used for a parquet floor, the wood should come from sustainable forestry. Certified quality seals such as FSC and PEFC make the decision easier.

In the case of domestic woods, there are also wood types that are the right choice for hardwood flooring with underfloor heating.

Wood species with a high raw wood density include oak, pear tree, walnut tree and cherry tree.

These types of wood have a favourable swelling and shrinkage behaviour.

Coniferous woods such as fir or spruce are not recommended.

Caution also applies to beech, because beech wood reacts very strongly to changes in temperature and humidity.

Dry room air is also a risk factor for beech parquet. The installation of underfloor heating increases the negative effects.

With beech hardwood flooring in combination with underfloor heating, large joints inevitably occur g>.

How thick should the parquet be with underfloor heating?

The thicker the parquet is, the longer it takes to heat the surface.

Parquet is available in different thicknesses and designs.

In order for the wood to match the underfloor heating and to achieve good heating performance, a thinner parquet is much better.

Very good results can be achieved with an 8 millimetre thick mosaic parquet, whereas a 22 millimetre strip parquet is less suitable.

If the wood surface heats up only slowly, some owners of underfloor heating systems reach for the controller and set the flow temperature higher. This can lead to damage to the wood, or the adhesive, because the water temperature of the heating system must be adjusted to the special properties of wood and adhesive.

Parquet with underfloor heating: The choice of the right laying method

If parquet is to be laid on underfloor heating, always use the full-bonded installation, because the floating installation has disadvantages in this respect.

A thin layer of air is often created between the insulation underlay and the parquet during floating installation.

Small unevenness or bulges in the floor are the cause.

This leads to an increase in thermal resistance.

The heating of the surface takes correspondingly longer. These risks and disadvantages do not exist with full bonding.

For this reason, parquet should always be glued over the entire surface of underfloor heating systems by a specialist company. With glued parquet, the heat of the underfloor heating is transferred directly into the floor covering.

The formation of joints in hardwood flooring with underfloor heating

Wood is a natural material that always works.

By using underfloor heating this effect can be reinforced. The wood dries out and joints can form.

This risk can be minimized by choosing a suitable parquet floor. With a finished parquet the risk of joint formation is lower. Finished parquet consists of several layers that are glued together. This makes the parquet more stable and keeps its shape better than solid parquet.

The right adhesive for the full-surface bonding of hardwood flooring with underfloor heating

When the parquet is glued, the temperature must not be too high. The parquet adhesive only holds well if the prescribed temperature is not exceeded.

The professional for parquet laying knows the limit values and points them out in order not to endanger the interaction between parquet and underfloor heating.

The choice of temperature for underfloor heating

To ensure that neither the parquet nor the adhesive bond is damaged, the floor temperature must be monitored.

A specified maximum value must not be exceeded. The decisive factor is the flow temperature of the underfloor heating.

It must be set so that the specified maximum value is never exceeded. If the floor becomes too warm, irreversible damage to the parquet can occur. The expert is also the right address for other questions concerning hardwood flooring. It provides information, for example, on the choice of suitable parquet for underfloor heating or on current parquet prices.

Air humidity, underfloor heating and parquet

With underfloor heating, the room climate is better during the heating period than with conventional heating.

Nevertheless, dry room air may still be present. Together with the heat effect of the underfloor heating, which is in direct contact with the parquet, impairments of the wood are possible.

Regular airing and good parquet care help to prevent damage. Under certain circumstances, a humidifier is useful to improve the indoor climate.

If it corresponds to personal taste, there is hardly anything to be said against laying hardwood flooring or planks in the bathroom too.

In principle, many types of wood are suitable for damp rooms.

So there is no reason to do without cosiness and naturalness in the bathroom. Wood used outdoors will last forever if treated properly. Why should it be different indoors?

So there is nothing to stop you from laying parquet in the bathroom, if you like it. However, when using the natural material wood, some special features must be taken into account.

Wooden floors in the bathroom – this must be taken into account

When buy parquet for damp rooms, it is important to choose a covering with as few joints as possible.

For this reason, floorboards are preferable, because they have few, but very long joints.

Parquet strips are usually only up to 60 cm long and therefore have a large number of joints.

These can potentially allow moisture to penetrate through them, which is why they must be properly sealed.

On a floor covering made of long and oiled wooden planks, on the other hand, the number of joints is much less.

These can be sealed well with neoprene. The following applies to the wooden floor in the bathroom:

The fewer joints, the better for durability.

In hardwood flooring, joints between individual parquet strips can swell or even peel off individual parts if these areas have not been properly sealed.

It is also important here to repair minor damage to the surface immediately, as moisture can also penetrate the parquet floor through this.

Suitable types of wood for bathroom parquet

When laying parquet or floorboards in damp rooms, the choice of the right wood is particularly important the choice of the right wood.

Basically, a type of wood that does not react strongly to moisture must be used for the bathroom.

Wood species that swell and shrink strongly such as beech are completely unsuitable in this respect.

Very well suited are small-pored hardwoods such as jatoba, doussie, merbau or teak, which are also used in shipbuilding for ship planks.

Because of its durability, the popular teak is also often used to make terrace boards, window frames, doors or garden furniture.

Also suitable for damp rooms are woods that naturally contain a high proportion of resins and oils, such as Douglas fir or pitch pine.

The Douglas fir, which has a higher density than the oak, is also frequently used for terrace decking due to its durability.

Among the native woods, oak – also known as smoked oak – and walnut are particularly suitable for the bathroom.

These woods hardly swell or shrink at all when exposed to moisture.

Which parquet is suitable for the bathroom?

It naturally affects the parquet price if you do not want to do without a wooden floor in the bathroom.

This is because it is imperative to use glued solid parquet. Glued solid parquet has the advantage that it can often be renovated. It is also very dimensionally stable in the edge area. With glued solid parquet in the bathroom, the joints must be sealed with neoprene, as with the floorboards. Neoprene can be sanded down like hardwood flooring if this should ever be necessary.

Finished parquet is not suitable for damp rooms, because it is very thin in the groove area, so that in case of penetrating moisture deformations occur immediately.

Parquet flooring in bathroom with neoprene joint
Parquet flooring in bathroom with neoprene joint

Parquet flooring in the bathroom must be glued

The parquet floor in the bathroom must be absolutely waterproof.

It is therefore imperative that the solid hardwood flooring in a damp room is glued over its entire surface with parquet adhesive and a permanently elastic adhesive must be used for this purpose. A floating installation is out of the question, as there must be no leaky edge joints in the damp room. If a floating installation is used, water could easily get under the parquet, which would have fatal consequences. Only with solid parquet glued over the entire surface can movements of the floor be avoided and joints and edges be reliably sealed.

Before the solid parquet is glued, the screed should best be levelled with a 3 mm cementitious levelling compound and primed with epoxy resin if you want to be absolutely sure.

By the way, you should avoid skirting boards in the bathroom with hardwood flooring, as moisture can accumulate here and cause damage. It is better to seal the joints in the edge area with silicone.

Use parquet oil instead of parquet varnish for parquet in the bathroom

In the bathroom, lacquers are not suitable for sealing the hardwood flooring supplementarily.

If there are puddles of water on the parquet floor, moisture could penetrate the wood within a very short time and cause it to swell.

In addition, when varnish is used, moisture can easily slip under the sealant “slip” and cause unsightly grey haze on the wood.

This can be ruled out for properly oiled surfaces with parquet oil.

However, the effective protection provided by the oil film must be renewed regularly to maintain it.

With oiled parquet in the bathroom, the oil penetrates into the pores, provides an impregnation against moisture and still allows the wood to breathe.

An optimal solution, by the way, are oiled wooden floorboards, which are sealed with neoprene in the joints.

Parquet in the bathroom needs care

The maintenance expenditure for parquet in the bathroom is higher than, for example, with a tiled floor.

In contrast to a tiled floor, a wooden floor does not tolerate standing moisture and an excessively high humidity of more than 70 percent.

Puddles of water must therefore be wiped up immediately and the bathroom must be ventilated after use in order to avoid permanent moistening of the wood surface.

Mats on a parquet or plank floor in the bathroom must also be avoided, as waterlogging can form underneath, which would inevitably lead to wood damage.

To ensure that the hardwood flooring in the bathroom remains beautiful for a long time and retains its resistance, the floor should be oiled at regular intervals.

A cleaning of the parquet should only be carried out by wiping with a slightly damp cloth. You should refrain from using cleaners that could damage the protective oil film.

Bathroom hardwood flooring on underfloor heating

If you do not want to do without underfloor heating in the bathroom, or if there is already underfloor heating in the bathroom, it is essential to ensure that the temperature on the floor is compatible with the parquet adhesive.

This means that the flow temperature of the underfloor heating must be set so that the floor does not become warmer than 28° C. Exceeding this temperature can otherwise lead to major problems with the parquet floor.

More about underfloor heating and hardwood flooring in the bathroom can be found here in another article.