The range of vinyl bases is diverse – they are available not only in countless colours and designs, but also in various thicknesses.

It is not so easy to keep an overview and to make the right choice, especially not.

The following summary of commercially available vinyl flooring thicknesses and their areas of application should help you to make a decision.

What does the vinyl floor thickness depend on?

With regard to the thickness of vinyl floors, two factors must be taken into account: the substrate and the wear layer.

Thickness of the carrier material

As regards the carrier material, a basic distinction is made between vinyl on HDF carrier boards and solid or solid vinyl.

Vinyl on HDF has a structure similar to laminate and is equipped with a click system.

Such a vinyl floor can only be laid floating and has a thickness of approx. 10 mm.

In contrast, solid or full vinyl only between 2 and 5 mm thick, is available with and without click system and is suitable for both floating and glued installation.

The thickness of the base material has an effect on the construction height of the floor, which is particularly important when renovating existing buildings.

If the vinyl floor is laid on an existing floor covering, such as on tiles, thinner variants are particularly suitable.

However, even if the old vinyl floor is removed, the overall height of the existing floor must be taken into account in order to avoid difficulties in tricky places (e.g. door sills). If in doubt, the door must otherwise be shortened.

Thickness of the wear layer

What is commonly understood by the thickness of the vinyl floor refers mainly to the top layer.

This surface, which is usually made of polyurethane, not only determines the appearance of the floor due to the incorporated decoration, but also protects the vinyl primarily against external influences such as wear, damage, moisture, e.g. with vinyl flooring in the bathroom or dirt.

The fact that the vinyl flooring is basically all the more hard-wearing and durable, the stronger this protective wear layer is, seems hardly surprising.

But which strengths are suitable in practice for which areas of application?

Vinyl flooring in practice: Which thickness for which room?

The thickness of the wear layer has a decisive influence on the resistance and robustness of the soil.

Commercially available vinyl floors are available in four different designs:

  • 0.2 mm
  • 0.3 mm
  • 0.55 mm
  • 0.7 mm.

When selecting a suitable floor, the daily stress and strain of the respective room plays a decisive role.

In living areas with low levels of wear and tear, such as bedrooms or offices, floor coverings with a 0.2 mm or 0.3 mm wear layer are completely sufficient.

If the floor is exposed to higher loads, as is the case in corridors, kitchens, living rooms and children’s rooms, but especially also in damp rooms such as bathrooms, the use of vinyl floors with 0.55 mm wear layer is recommended.

These are not only easier to clean, but are also more durable and more resistant to moisture.

Vinyl floors with a wear layer of 0.7 mm are ideal for the contract sector in particular.

Whether office, doctor’s surgery, salesroom or warehouse – floorings with a very high wear layer withstand even heavy loads and street dirt, brisk customer traffic or punctual loads from heavy shelves or desk chairs do not leave marks so quickly. Nevertheless, you should use a office chair underlay.

vinyl bottom has many advantages, but also some disadvantages. For many public institutions, companies and private households it is the optimal floor covering.

The vinyl flooring advantages that you should consider when buying vinyl flooring, and what disadvantages vinyl flooring has, are explained below.

Vinyl flooring and its advantages

Vinyl flooring has many advantages, it is characterized above all by its uncomplicated handling and its versatility. The most important advantages of vinyl flooring at a glance:

Realistic, natural look

One of the most important advantages of vinyl flooring and one of the reasons why it is so popular: its high-quality look.

Among other things, it comes in laminate, tiles- and natural stone look.

Often cheaper, easier to maintain install and easier to install than other floorings, vinyl flooring imitates the designs of a wide variety of floor coverings. At first glance, it is sometimes not obvious that it is not a real wooden floor, for example, but rather a vinyl floor in wood look.

Easy-care, durable material

When it comes to illuminating the advantages and disadvantages of vinyl flooring, there is one thing you cannot avoid:

Vinyl flooring is particularly easy to clean compared to carpet and wooden floors .

The floor covering is moisture-repellent, so it can be wiped with a damp cloth and can also be used in the bathroom. The robust and resistant workmanship makes vinyl flooring a durable floor covering.

Noise reduction and pleasant walking sensation

Vinyl flooring is a soft and elastic floor covering. This automatically makes it quieter than laminate or tiles. steps are muffled on the floor, the room acoustics as a whole are improved. Many vinyl floors already have footfall sound insulation on the underside, so this effect is even more pronounced.

At the same time, the soft floor covering is pleasant for the feet, does not cool down as much as tiles and thus creates a comfortable walking sensation.

Suitable for allergy sufferers

Vinyl flooring does not cause problems for allergy sufferers. Unlike carpet, vinyl flooring captures very few house dust particles and pollen and can be cleaned regularly damply. A big plus point for allergy sufferers.

Versatile in use

Vinyl flooring is suitable for all rooms that require a hardwearing, high-quality and uncomplicated floor covering.

These include, for example, the children’s room, the kitchen, the living and dining room, the entrance area or the bathroom.

Vinyl flooring is also a good choice for commercial premises.

The disadvantages of vinyl flooring

The advantages of vinyl flooring make this floor covering an optimal all-rounder for private households and business premises. When choosing the right floor, however, you should not forget the disadvantages of vinyl flooring.

The following points should be kept in mind:

The Price

The prices of vinyl flooring vary Here it depends on the vinyl floor manufacturer, the usage class and the desired vinyl floor design.

Vinyl can be more expensive than laminate and carpet, for example. Here too, it depends on where and what is bought. In most cases, however, it is worth investing in vinyl flooring. The durability of the material ensures that the price pays off in the long run.

Heavy furniture can leave pressure marks

Vinyl flooring is a soft, pliable floor covering. This makes for a comfortable walking experience, but can also cause problems.

Heavy pieces of furniture like the bed, a cupboard or the couch in some cases leave pressure marks on the soft material.

This happens especially when the piece of furniture is standing in the same place for a long period of time and has feet made of solid material such as wood or plastic.

Regularly moving or slightly moving the heavy furniture reduces the occurrence of pressure points on vinyl floors. In the case of office chairs in particular, floor protection mats can also help.


Vinyl flooring is either laid floating or glued. A firmly glued vinyl floor is very difficult to remove again.

If, for example in a rented apartment, the floor is laid by the tenant himself, it should never be glued.

Floating laid click vinyl floor is clearly advantageous here. If it is clear that the floor is to be used for many years, then it can of course also be glued.

This is particularly easy with self-adhesive vinyl flooring.

Paying attention to the origin

To achieve the softness and flexibility, manufacturers use plasticizers.

Also, depending on the design of the vinyl floor, dyes are included. According to EU directives, manufacturers are prohibited from using health-hazardous plasticizers in vinyl floors.

Test seals and other certificates ensure that the floor is a healthy vinyl floor.

Always keep the advantages and disadvantages of vinyl flooring in mind

Vinyl flooring is a flexible floor covering. The numerous advantages of vinyl flooring are convincing and show that the material is equally suitable for private households and business premises.

However, before deciding for or against a particular floor covering, the disadvantages of vinyl flooring should also be adequately illuminated.

While tested vinyl flooring is not harmful to health, the risk of pressure points on soft flooring can be a reason for some people to be against the material.

If you are looking for a uncomplicated, easy-care and durable floor covering, vinyl flooring is just the right choice.

A vinyl floor is not only convincing because of its appearance, but is also robust and easy to clean.

The quick and easy cleaning of a vinyl floor works best with a vacuum cleaner. In this article you will learn what is important for a vacuum cleaner for vinyl flooring.

Vacuum cleaner for vinyl floor (with cable):

As simple as the laying of a vinyl floor is, as robust and resistant is the surface. The material is hard-wearing and withstands even heavy use.

Nevertheless, a vinyl floor – like any other floor – must be cleaned and maintained regularly in order to maintain its long-term lifespan. Stones, sand or other dirt can permanently damage the sealed protective layer of the vinyl floor, scratch the surface or make it blunt.

Dry cleaning of vinyl floors

One of the great advantages of a vinyl floor is that it can be cleaned with relatively little effort.

Especially in daily cleaning, vinyl floors are not very demanding: Dry cleaning with a soft brace, a mop or a vacuum cleaner keeps the vinyl floor clean again in no time.

Unlike a broom or mop, the vacuum cleaner whirls up fewer fine dust particles when cleaning.

Even coarser dirt can be removed quickly and effectively with the vacuum cleaner – which is especially important in households with animals or children.

Very coarse dirt, such as stones, should be removed with the vacuum cleaner anyway, otherwise the vinyl floor could be scratched during sweeping.

Which vacuum cleaner is suitable for vinyl flooring?

Vinyl floors have a softer surface compared to laminate or tiles, which can easily cause unsightly scratches if the vacuum cleaner is handled incorrectly.

Therefore, when selecting the vacuum cleaner for vinyl floors, care must be taken first and foremost to ensure that there are no metal plates or sharp edges at the bottom of the nozzle.

Vacuum cleaners with special brush attachments are best used for cleaning the vinyl floor.

Thus, the vacuum cleaner nozzle glides gently over the vinyl floor without scratching the surface. These special attachments are available in different sizes and finishes, making it easy to reach corners and other hard-to-reach areas.

If you want to be on the safe side, use a vacuum cleaner with parquet nozzle for cleaning the vinyl floor – these are softer and also have longer bristles, which reliably prevents scratches in the vinyl floor.

Vacuum cleaner for vinyl floor (without cable):

Scratches by vacuum cleaner – what to do?

And if the vinyl floor has been slightly scratched by vacuuming, suitable vinyl floor repair kits or special PU cleaners can help. Fine scratches in the vinyl floor can also be polished out with cooking oil. To protect against scratches, you should also think of a floor protection mat. Even dust-sweeping robots usually leave fewer scratches, which makes them work completely differently.

Bathrooms are not just for splashing about, showering and bathing, nowadays they are also oases of well-being and wellness temples. Accordingly, the vinyl floor in the bathroom must meet various criteria to ensure the tightness and to meet the requirements in a wet room.

One possibility is a vinyl floor in the bathroom, which can also be laid on tiles.

Which vinyl floor is the right one for the bathroom, what quality features and advantages it offers – find out here.

Vinyl flooring in the bathroom: The special requirements for a flooring in the bathroom

Basically, every floor ingesity, including a vinyl floor in the bathroom, must meet special requirements.

The bathroom is a humid room, where steam develops and moisture is created during showering and bathing. In addition, a bathroom floor covering must be a combination of suitability for everyday use and feel-good factor.

To meet these criteria, vinyl flooring in the bathroom must be waterproof and hygienic. It must be easy to clean and feel warm and pleasant when walking barefoot. A vinyl floor in the bathroom must also match the style of the bathroom and have design qualities so that a harmonious ambience is created overall. Whether vinyl flooring can be used in the bathroom depends on its composition, its quality and on the vinyl floor installation technique.

Vinyl flooring in the bathroom: Which is the right flooring for the bathroom?

There are three different types of vinyl floors. But not everyone is suitable as a vinyl floor in the bathroom. A distinction is made between full vinyl, also known as solid vinyl, click vinyl and click vinyl with HDF backing.

1. Is full vinyl suitable as a vinyl floor in the bathroom?

Solid vinyl or solid vinyl are 2 to 4 millimeters thickness planks, which are often also called PVC strips.

This floor covering is called full vinyl or solid vinyl because it is made exclusively of moisture-repellent plastic, which is inherent in a glass-fibre-reinforced vinyl carrier. On it is a decorative layer and utility layer with a PU coating. Due to this composition, this type of vinyl floor in the bath does not lose its original shape even when in contact with water, moisture or water vapor.

Solid vinyl is firmly bonded to the substrate as a vinyl floor in the bathroom. This gives it its stability, makes it robust and resistant.

2. Does Click Vinyl work as a vinyl floor in the bathroom?

Click vinyl works similarly to click laminate.

The approximately 8 to 12 millimetre thick click elements are connected by a click connection without being glued to the floor. Instead, they are laid loosely on a foam underlay or impact sound insulation. Click-Vinyl is also available in full vinyl. However, the click connections are not waterproof, so that moisture and humidity can penetrate the floor.

The disadvantage of Klick-Vinyl as a vinyl floor in the bathroom is also that the floor can deform at very warm temperatures and lose its original shape. Full vinyl equipped with a click connection is not the first choice when it comes to a vinyl floor in the bathroom.

3. Does click vinyl with HDF carrier suitable as vinyl flooring in the bathroom?

Click-Vinyl with HDF carrier is multi-layered and equipped with a carrier plate. Only the top layer is covered with a very thin vinyl layer measuring only one millimeter. Click vinyl with HDF backing is not suitable as a vinyl floor in the bathroom, as it permanently deforms under the influence of moisture, humidity and wetness and loses its original shape.

Vinyl flooring in the bathroom and its advantages

Vinyl floors are the right solution in the bathroom whenever modern or unsightly tiles are no longer to be covered or the bathroom is given a new flooring.

  • In contrast to the laying of tiles, the laying of a vinyl floor is less time-consuming.
  • If a bathroom is tiled, dust and dirt can accumulate in the individual joints and, in the worst case, mould can form. For this reason, a vinyl floor in the bathroom is easier to maintain and more hygienic.
  • The feel-good effect of a vinyl floor in the bathroom is much higher than that of foot-cold tiles.
  • A vinyl floor in the bathroom is available in different colours, structures and designs, so that a tile design is not to be dispensed with and an individual design of the bathroom is possible.
  • In order to avoid slip hazard, there are special vinyl floors with slip resistance or vinyl floors with structure.
  • Compared to tiles, a vinyl floor in the bathroom is much more cost effective.

All in all, full vinyl is the clear winner when it comes to a vinyl floor in the bathroom, because it combines numerous advantages. A low installation height, a wide range of decor and design options, water and moisture resistance and the excellent price-performance ratio are the most important features that distinguish a vinyl floor in the bathroom.

Vinyl flooring in the bathroom: This is what matters when laying vinyl flooring

Especially when laying vinyl flooring in the bathroom, a careful primer is important, which is applied with a roller. Subsequently, the substrate is leveled with a cement-bound balancing mass, which is evenly distributed and smoothed with a smoothing. Possible unevennesses are sanded with a single-disc machine after drying.

The same applies to air bubbles, which can easily be removed with a spiked roller before drying. These are just a few of the preparatory work for the subfloor that must be taken into account when laying vinyl flooring in the bathroom. Only then can the actual laying begin, and this too is complicated because important details have to be taken into account in this respect to ensure the tightness.

When laying vinyl flooring in the bathroom, certain finishing touches are required that determine whether the flooring is really waterproof in the end. This is only the case if it is laid joint to joint and glued to the subfloor. A primer made of epoxy resin or PU (polyurethane) is particularly waterproofing. The joints are grouted and sealed with silicone at the edges to ensure the floor is waterproof. Before laying the floor covering, the substrate must be dry, which applies especially to the corners.

Specialist knowledge is required to install an absolutely waterproof vinyl floor in the bathroom. The substrate and barrier primer must be perfect to prevent water penetration. If this is not done, mould can form, which can result in a complete bathroom renovation. For the reasons mentioned above, it makes sense to have a vinyl floor in the bathroom laid by a specialist company.

Many of our customers are concerned about the question of whether vinyl soils contain harmful substances, which could harm health in the long term.

Vinyl flooring, for example, is suspected of being a heavy burden on the environment already during production or of containing harmful plasticizers.

This article explains:

  • how the different types of flooring are produced,
  • what they consist of,
  • which substances are actually contained
  • and for what reasons vinyl floors are generally harmless to health

Environmentally friendly vinyl floor without pollutants

Especially the European vinyl flooring manufacturers have faced up to their responsibility in recent years and put a lot of development work into the production of environmentally friendly vinyl floors.

The objectives were, among other things, to make the coatings as climate neutral as possible and to equip them in such a way that they do not harm the environment during disposal.

Today, there is a huge selection of hard-wearing, extremely easy-care vinyl floors that do not contain any plasticizers that are harmful to health, such as phthalates contained in conventional PVC.

The development has now even progressed so far that some producers offer so-called organic soils with softening components from rapeseed oil that meet the strictest EU specifications.

Vinyl Floor: Health & Pollutants
Vinyl floors made of full vinyl are harmless to health. So harmless that you can eat on it.

Features of easy-care vinyl flooring in terms of health

As early as the 1980s, the testing procedures of independent and state institutions were tightened and the production processes of modern PVC floors were drastically improved.

Since then, not only have the properties of vinyl soil improved with respect to health and the environment, but also its properties have improved. Due to their composition and surface structure, advanced vinyl floors are extremely hard-wearing, slip-resistant, footfall sound absorbing, hygienic, anti-allergic and easy to clean.

Neither toxic ingredients nor dangerous plasticizers endanger health, so a vinyl flooring without harmful substances can be laid without hesitation in living rooms, bathrooms, children’s rooms, doctors’ surgeries, hospitals and other public facilities. In addition, the diverse designs leave plenty of room for the various design options.

Homogeneous or heterogeneous: Which vinyl floor is better for health?

Homogeneous Vinyl Floor & Health

Homogeneous floor coverings made of solid vinyl are usually produced as sheet material. Because they consist of only one material composition throughout, experts often speak of so-called single-layer coverings. A single-layer vinyl floor without pollutants consists of about 55 % PVC, fillers, additives and pigments. In a special mixing process, the components are mixed together and then formed into webs by means of rollers under the influence of strong heat.

Heterogeneous Vinyl Flooring & Health

In comparison, heterogeneous coverings consist of several layers, mostly bottom support layers such as HDF or MDF and an upper wear layer. The upper layer consists of the components already mentioned and is mainly responsible for the useful life. The carrier layers are enriched with chalks, fillers, additives, stabilizers, sometimes also with formaldehyde.

Vinyl Floor Health & Pollutants
Vinyl floors are perfect for children’s rooms: durable, robust and harmless to health.

Conclusion regarding health and the environment:

Although a floor with a carrier layer such as click vinyl may contain formaldehyde, for example, neither a homogeneous nor a heterogeneous constructed vinyl floor has a detrimental effect on health. In addition, a vinyl floor produced in the EU contains so few pollutants in permissible quantities according to the directive that it does not pose a problem for the environment either during production or disposal.

Full vinyl without pollutants vs. vinyl floor with carrier layer

Other major advantages and disadvantages

Although a heterogeneous vinyl flooring does not pose a risk to health any more than sheet material, it is clearly inferior to homogeneous floorings in terms of durability and water resistance .

That is why so-called (mostly heterogeneous) click vinyl floors are mainly used in the private sector or in less stressed rooms. By contrast, homogeneous vinyl floors made of solid vinyl are extremely hard-wearing and, in the case of professional vinyl flooring, are laid using adhesive absolute waterproof. This makes them the ideal choice for highly frequented private rooms, kitchens, wet areas such as showers and baths as well as for public facilities such as schools, doctors’ surgeries or hospitals.

Vinyl floor without pollutants: recognition features

Vinyl floors manufactured in the EU are subject to strict legal requirements.

Plasticizers in the vinyl flooring that could be potentially hazardous to health, such as phthalates or other harmful additives are prohibited. Well-known manufacturers guarantee that their vinyl flooring is harmless to health and the environment with the corresponding packaging information, data sheets and test seals.

In addition, it is recommended to purchase the floor covering from a certified manufacturer in an authorised specialist trade or from a specialist installation company that is familiar with all the properties.

Vinyl Floor: Health & Pollutants
Full vinyl is bonded with solvent-free adhesive and is harmless to health.

High-quality, durable vinyl flooring for health and environment

Customers who want a durable, long-lasting hygienic vinyl flooring should opt for solid vinyl and commission a specialist company to carry out the professional laying using the wet adhesive method.

The main reasons are:

  • Vinyl floor without pollutants, in accordance with strict EU directive.
  • Solid vinyl is guaranteed to contain no formaldehyde, which is why a professionally installed, homogeneous vinyl floor is more beneficial to health than a click floor with HDF/MDF backing.
  • As a rule, vinyl planks are glued together. A specialist company uses solvent-free adhesives in accordance with EU regulations. If, in special cases, the use of a different adhesive should nevertheless be necessary, the installation company will explicitly point this out to the customer or suggest an alternative.
  • On request detailed on-site sampling.
  • A professionally laid vinyl floor meets the building regulations.
  • Fast, clean installation including careful site cleaning and cleaning.
  • Extensive warranty claims.
  • From consultation to planning, punctual delivery and professional installation: Everything from one source at a fair price-performance ratio.

Professionally laid vinyl flooring: a plus for health and money

Due to their properties and the low installation height vinyl floors are ideal for renovations.

A vinyl floor without danger to health can also be laid on underfloor heating.

Whether private premises, business premises, medical facilities or public areas: A laying specialist company is very familiar with the peculiarities of every laying situation and is therefore the ideal contact partner when it comes to attractive floor coverings without pollutants.

Due to many years of experience and continuous further training, our professionals not only have a trained eye for the optimal design, they also dispose of your old flooring if necessary, prepare the substrate optimally and use the adhesive suitable for the installation situation.

Properly laid vinyl flooring means health and lifelong service

With their professional service, the experts always guarantee a professional execution as well as an optically perfect, long-lasting result. And even after installation, the friendly staff competent contact persons remain available to answer all your questions about your vinyl floor, its health, care or necessary repairs.

Vinyl floor coverings are now among the most sought-after floor coverings in both the private residential and commercial sectors. There are many arguments in favour of buying a vinyl floor in the course of renovation or for new buildings:

In addition to excellent mechanical and hygienic properties, floors made of solid vinyl offer excellent thermal and impact sound insulation, they are extremely durable and easy to clean. In addition, vinyl flooring is now available in numerous designs, making individual interior design possible.

In order to keep the costs manageable and to ensure that the pleasure of the new flooring lasts for a long time, building owners should avoid the following mistakes when buying vinyl flooring purchase:

Error No. 1: Buy click vinyl instead of full vinyl floor

In contrast to a (fixed glued vinyl floor) floor made of solid vinyl, a click vinyl floor vibrates when walked on. In the worst case, it can even rattle with every step. Furthermore, click-vinyl flooring with HDF support is unsuitable for heavily frequented rooms and for damp rooms because moisture can penetrate through the click joints, which leads to swelling of the floor over time.

Solid vinyl planks, on the other hand, are firmly bonded to the substrate, are tightly sealed at the wall edges and thus resistant to wiping water and other liquids. Furthermore, the very low installation height and the lower price compared to click vinyl in comparison to click vinyl purchase of vinyl floor planks made of solid vinyl.

Look out! Some versions of the Klick vinyl flooring, which can be bought in the DIY store, are in fact cheap laminate versions that only have a vinyl cover. This so-called vinyl laminate neither has the advantages of vinyl flooring nor can it be laid dust-free and hypoallergenic!

Buy vinyl flooring and get advice from the professional

Error No. 2: Buy cheap goods from the DIY store instead of tested quality vinyl flooring

Modern quality vinyl floors from the specialist not only offer an immense variety of designs, they also contain no plasticizers that are hazardous to health or other harmful substances.

They have an above-average service life and can be easily recycled. Flooring professionals work together with renowned manufacturers who exclusively sell products with test marks and building authority approvals. However, building owners who buy cheap vinyl flooring in DIY stores risk buying a product that exceeds the allowable emission values.

In addition, self-adhesive planks from the DIY store contain plasticizers which, although not in the vinyl itself, are hidden in the adhesive tapes “, for example. In addition, experience has shown that these tapes stay very poorly, so that a vinyl floor from the DIY store can peel off again by itself after a while. Experts therefore generally recommend the installation of solid vinyl flooring with wet adhesive , which will last for decades even under heavy loads.

Error No. 3: Buy vinyl flooring with wrong usage class

Floor covering made of solid vinyl can be used almost everywhere. A prerequisite, however, is that the correct use class according to DIN EN 685 is observed for the vinyl flooring purchase.

Is the product of your choice exclusively for private use, can it withstand commercial stress or is the soil suitable for permanent industrial use?

What about the classification, the frequency of use and what is the guaranteed service life with the appropriate load?

What laymen sometimes find difficult, a flooring professional can see at a glance due to his training and experience! Since the different qualities differ in some cases considerably in terms of their price, it is worthwhile for cost reasons alone to buy quality vinyl flooring with the appropriate service class from a specialist company.

Error No. 4: Buy vinyl flooring without proper sampling

Human imagination is limited. Therefore, sampling vinyl flooring before purchase, directly on site, at home, in commercial premises or in public facilities offers many advantages.

The customer can look directly at the different designs, feel different haptics and match colours and patterns perfectly to the local and existing furnishings. In addition, the customer is given detailed advice on the qualities of the necessary accessories, such as adhesives, accent strips or silicone joints, and can help determine components and colours. Serious specialist companies usually offer a pre-sampling directly on site. This not only saves time and effort, but also a lot of money.

Buy vinyl flooring and view patterns

Error No. 5: Buy vinyl flooring and dispense with professional publishers

Customers who buy a quality vinyl floor should know that the substrate for full-surface bonding must be absolutely clean and level. This usually requires several work steps, such as sanding, filling and priming. Only in the last working step is the adhesive, which matches the floor, evenly applied to the substrate using a toothed spatula and the vinyl plank glued at the correct size and angle.

A laying expert knows exactly which work steps and which materials are required. He has special training, the necessary tools and years of experience. These components guarantee an attractive, durable result, without unevenness, air pockets or waves in the floor.

Error No. 6: Vinyl flooring purchase without service and warranty

From a professional installation company, customers receive, in addition to excellent quality goods, numerous services, such as

  • professional, personal advice
  • On-site surveying
  • individual sampling on site
  • professional preparation of the substrate
  • Proper relocation
  • extensive warranty on the laying work
  • Repair
  • faire, prices that can be tracked at any time
Buy vinyl flooring and get advice from the professional

Buy and have individual design vinyl flooring installed

The purchase of high-quality vinyl floors from the expert offers the great opportunity to realize individual ideas, such as borders, inlays or logos, using state-of-the-art cutting and laying techniques.

Due to the special type of installation, vinyl planks with the same height can be combined with different patterns and colours, islands can be formed, areas can be visually delimited or connected or accents can be set.

On request, the installation professionals offer their customers an all-round carefree package with all the necessary work, such as scheduling, clearing out the furniture, removal and disposal of the old floor covering, advice through to initial cleaning and handover ready for living, at a reasonable price-performance ratio.

Take advantage of the competence of trained experts from the initial consultation to the purchase of vinyl flooring right through to professional installation and contact us today.

The most important thing for successful vinyl floor laying, is the substrate preparation. In the following we will discuss the most important points – resinifying cracks, applying the correct primer and levelling the substrate.

Vinyl flooring Substrate: resinify cracks in the screed

Cracks in the subfloor of our vinyl floor (screed) are completely normal. These often occur with freshly laid screeds as a side effect of drying.

However, cracks in the screed also occur during the renovation of old buildings – e.g. after the removal of an old carpet – cracks in the screed. However, a finished substrate for vinyl floors must not have any more cracks.Cracks in the vinyl floor Substrate must be sealed with a special resin before laying a vinyl floor – otherwise the two separate parts of the screed will move and the filler applied later will flake off. Not a good base for a vinyl floor. In order to close the cracks in the substrate, they must be cut open with a cutting tool (e.g. Flex) and then sealed with a so-called “casting resin”.

Attention: It is essential to determine beforehand whether the screed is a heated screed. If so, under no circumstances should the Flex be unpacked. This should only be done by an absolute expert who has consulted a specialist for heated screeds beforehand. Otherwise the screed will be flooded faster than we would like.

Vinyl floor substrate: Resinize cracks – checklist:

  • An angle grinder angle grinder/cutter (so-called “flex”) with concrete cutting disc (alternatively a concrete milling machine)
  • A very good extraction for the angle grinder
  • shaft connector (or steel nails à 100 mm)
  • A casting resin for screed renovation
  • Some quartz sand
  • A steady hand

So far, so good – away with the cracks in the ground

In order to close the cracks once and for all (and to finally be able to use the base for our vinyl floor), we first have to unpack the good old flex.

Now we mill along the complete crack once with the flex and a concrete cutting disc. A Flex with extraction is recommended, because otherwise the whole room will be too dusty from top to bottom.

Create cross connections in the underground

Then we mill cross to the crack in the subfloor, approx. every 50 cm a small separating cut into the screed (length approx. 15 cm). The whole thing should look something like a badly sewn scar 🙂

Now we cleanly suck out the complete, separated crack including the cross cuts.

We then place so-called shaft connectors (usually made of sheet metal) or alternatively one steel nail of 10 cm each in each of the cross cuts of the substrate.

The sense: The synthetic resin alone is not sufficient to join the two halves of the screed. Metal must be brought in for reinforcement. The synthetic resin is later only intended for fixing and as a filling material for the crack in the vinyl floor substrate.

Mix the synthetic resin for the vinyl floor substrate.

In any case, it is recommended to use a special casting resin for screeds. Polyester putty is rarely used for this purpose. However, this is not liquid enough to completely fill the crack in the substrate. It is therefore not advisable.

The casting resin is usually a so-called 2-component casting resin. It is therefore mixed from 2 components, which then carry out a chemical reaction. You usually have about 20 minutes time to process the brew – after that it becomes tough and then hard.

Attention: Mixed casting resin becomes very hot during curing. The surplus in the can/bottle must therefore be stored outdoors – away from flammable objects.

Now we pour the casting resin into the previously sucked out crack and into all cross cuts.

There, almost done. Now quickly scatter quartz sand over the freshly resinified crack. Otherwise the filler will not hold later, because the casting resin is eel-smooth after hardening.

Priming vinyl floor substrate

Before we can lay the vinyl floor on the subfloor, the vinyl floor must be levelled out subfloor. And before we can do this, the substrate must be primed. As a rule, two scenarios are possible:

  1. We have an absorbent substrate (e.g. screed) for our vinyl floor
  2. We do not have an absorbent substrate (e.g. tiles) for our vinyl floor

Correct reading. Tiles can be leveled over (and can thus serve as a base also as a substrate for vinyl floors) – if the correct primer is used.

We mix the primer and apply it with a foam roller over the entire surface of the substrate. Done.

Priming vinyl floor substrate

Levelling vinyl floor substrate

Now the substrate must be completely leveled or leveled. This means: remove any unevenness from the substrate so that it does not matter.

For this purpose, a cementitious levelling compound is mixed. This should then be applied to the substrate later with a strength of approx. 3-5 mm.

We need to prepare the substrate for the vinyl floor:

  • A good stirrer (If necessary, a powerful drill with stirring attachment)
  • putty, bag by bag
  • Water in large buckets (calculate the water requirement beforehand!)
  • A (toothed) squeegee for spreading the filler
  • One spiked roller for deaerating the filler

It is best to use two people to fill the substrate. Otherwise you will start to sweat a lot, because you are constantly busy fetching water, but at the same time you should actually stir again, so that the putty does not dry up.

In addition, the power of the drilling machine must not be overestimated . Many a drill has given up the ghost when mixing putty.

If in doubt, better use an agitator.

Filling of vinyl floor surface

The most important thing:

  • The levelling compound must be stirred properly – otherwise granules will form on the surface
  • The levelling compound must be evenly distributed
  • avoid “piles”
  • “wet in wet” work. Under no circumstances should the filler material dry on the edges.
  • The amount of water must be kept to 100% – simply read/comply with the manufacturer’s instructions on the packaging

Prepare the vinyl floor substrate: Smoothly sand down the levelling compound

When the entire surface has been filled and then allowed to dry through, it must still be sanded clean.

To do this, we take a single-disc machine (with suction) and place a coarse grinding disc underneath (grain 24 or 36). Now we drive the complete screed with it and remove last unevenness as well as granules etc.

A good single disc machine costs well over 1000,- Euro. It is therefore advisable to borrow them from the local DIY market. As a washer you need a grinding wheel with very coarse grit – K24 or K36. This can also be purchased from the rental service.

Afterwards everything still has to be sucked off. The substrate for our vinyl floor is finished.

Continue with the laid vinyl flooring using the vinyl cutter.

The most important question first:
Floating vinyl flooring or better to glue?

On the basis of our relevant experience, we advise against a floating installation of vinyl flooring in almost all cases.

A floating vinyl floor that has deformed due to temperature fluctuations
A floating vinyl floor that has deformed due to temperature fluctuations 😀

Many manufacturers of vinyl floors write in their installation guidelines that the floor must not be installed under windows with strong light incidence or rooms with high temperatures.

What has this fact to do with the question “floating or glued installation“?

Most (click) vinyl floors for floating installation are made of solid vinyl, which can deform even at summer temperatures. Under windows with a lot of light, this happens particularly quickly.

This manifests itself in the formation of “hills” (convex deformation) and can push the ground upwards in the middle of the room.

This can cause doors to no longer open (!) or the floor to become irreversibly deformed. In our experience, therefore, in almost all cases floating installation is to be avoided.

If one also considers the Prices for vinyl floors, incl. Laying coststhe floating installation offers no price advantage compared to the much higher quality and more durable glued version.

Laying vinyl floor floating: advantages

  • fast installation
  • also feasible for laymen
  • very cheap for self-publishers

Floating installation of vinyl flooring: disadvantages

  • High susceptibility to heat
  • Danger of jointing
  • Danger of setting up the individual elements
  • No price advantage over a (much higher-quality) bonded installation by a service provider

The glue vinyl flooring is not the easiest, but the best way to obtain a stable and durable floor covering. However, the preparatory work must be carried out very precisely so that the vinyl flooring can be perfectly glued to the substrate.

The following methods are available:

  1. a full-surface bonding by means of adhesive and tooth filler
  2. gluing with a self-adhesive covering

You can find out right away how vinyl flooring works and what the differences are between the two methods.

Floating vinyl floor piles up
Another floating vinyl floor that would have been better glued 🙂

Prerequisites for successful bonding

Certain conditions must be met in order to glue a vinyl floor in such a way that it lies evenly on the floor without leaving any marks. This includes a clean, cementitiously filled and smoothly sanded substrate. You can find out how to prepare the substrate perfectly here.

If the subfloor is not perfectly levelled and sanded, the vinyl floor may, in the worst case, have dents or waves after gluing.

Then all the effort was in vain… 🙁

The different types of bonding

1. Full-surface bonding

For full-surface bonding, is applied to the well-prepared substrate with a toothed trowel dispersion adhesive (a wet adhesive), on which the 2 to 4 millimetre thick vinyl planks are then laid.

With the so-called “full-surface gluing“, work is always carried out in paths that correspond to a multiple of the width of a plank. What exactly is meant by this, you can see in the following video.

For this purpose, the wet adhesive is applied to the substrate over a large area over the entire width with precision using a notched trowel and, after allowing the adhesive to flash off briefly, placed in the adhesive bed. When gluing full-surface vinyl flooring, work must be carried out quickly, as the wet adhesive no longer adheres properly after 30 to 40 minutes.

How much adhesive apply?

In addition, neither too much nor too little adhesive should be applied to the substrate to achieve optimum adhesion. If you glue a vinyl floor, you do this with a so-called toothed spatula. These are available in different versions. Depending on the size of the “teeth”, different amounts of adhesive are applied. You can find out exactly which tooth size you need from the manufacturer/dealer of your vinyl floor.

The advantages of a glued vinyl floor

Glued vinyl flooring offers numerous advantages, namely this:

  • Solid vinyl is firmly bonded to the substrate, making the floor covering very stable and resistant. This is also the reason why it is used in the shop building as well as in the fair– and event area, among others.
  • Even in the case of underfloor heating, the adhesive vinyl flooring is the best solution, as the low installation height and the firm connection of the floor covering to the substrate enable a direct heat transfer.
  • A glued vinyl floor satisfies the highest demands and offers good room acoustics.

If you want to have a vinyl floor glued as a tenant, you should first obtain the permission of the landlord in order to be legally on the safe side.

2. Vinyl floor with self-adhesive underside

When bonded with a self-adhesive coating, the back of a module or plank is already prepared with adhesive, which is protected by a film. This is simply removed when the vinyl floor is glued, and the vinyl plank is applied to the previously primed underbody.

This technique, which is used for the vinyl floor ingeste, is popular with do-it-yourselfers, as it requires no skill with adhesive and tooth spatula. Nevertheless, extreme precision is required, o.g. when creating the first rows.

In order to lay a self-adhesive vinyl floor in a first-class manner , not only manual skill is required. It also takes a lot of time. Trained craftsmen can do the work very quickly. You will find one of our craftsman’s workshops also in your vicinity.

Laying of self-adhesive vinyl flooring

Before the vinyl floor can be glued to the already prepared substrate, it should acclimatize around 24 hours before bonding in the publishing room, so that it can adapt to the indoor climate.

Determining the direction of installation

Since the door is the main line of sight into the room, the laying process starts from here. The first step is the most important one, as it determines that the first row and the rows following it are laid exactly.

To create a straight line, a chalk line can be used:

Alternatively, a floor laser can also be used:

On the back of the plank there is (usually) an arrow indicating the installation direction.

This direction must be adhered to for all planks. The back slide is pulled off a bit and the first plank is placed exactly at the guide.

Then the rest of the film is removed and the plank is pressed to the floor.

Planks that need to be resized are scored with a sharp knife scored and then bent off. The second row of planks is then arranged at least one third offset from the first row.

For solid vinyl, usually no vinyl cutter or similar tool is necessary.

The holes required for the heating pipes are ideally made with a Forstner drill bit (for floating laid vinyl)

With glued solid vinyl, it is possible to square the holes with a cutter, or carpet knife, and break out. At the end, the skirting boards are screwed to the wall.

This is what we need to glue to the vinyl floor:

  • An adhesive spatula
  • Adhesive
  • A sharp cutter knife or a floor laying knife with trapezoidal blade
  • A bevel/angle or metal ruler
  • A line strike/chalk line or alternatively a line laser

Measuring the room before sticking

Before laying the vinyl floor, we have to think carefully about where we want to place our first 3-5 rows.

Typically, this is e.g. an exterior wall, which covers the entire length/width of the room.

We should also measure whether our wall of choice is at least reasonably parallel to the opposite wall. If this is not the case, the end result may be that you need to make diagonal cuts that do not look very nice.

In case of doubt, it is better to measure and average a little more.

Cut vinyl floor properly for installation

Vinyl floors can be cut with e.g. a large pair of scissors or a carpet knife. Professionals only scratch the surface with a sharp knife and break off the vinyl plank. This is the fastest way to install vinyl flooring.

Do not apply too much glue

The adhesive has a limited time in which it receives its adhesive strength.

If you wait too long, the adhesive must be laboriously scraped off the floor. It is therefore recommended to mark exactly beforehand how far the adhesive should be applied.


We want to relocate 5 rows at the same time. Let’s assume a plank has a width of exactly 17 cm. So we draw a marker that is 17 cm x 5 wide (85 cm).

So we apply the adhesive to a track of exactly 85 cm width.

We then lay our first 5 rows of the vinyl floor on the adhesive bed. Then we draw the next 85 cm and so on.

Bonus Tip #1:

After each track that was laid, the flooring should be pressed again.

For this purpose there are, for example, special metal rollers, which are also used for laying carpets. Such rollers can usually be rented from any hardware store.

Alternatively, a board can be wrapped with a towel, with which you can then rub the freshly laid vinyl floor “along“.

Bonus Tip #2:

Even professionals it happens during installation that some adhesive gets onto the vinyl floor.

However, instead of washing it off immediately, it is better to wait until the adhesive has dried.

When washed off, the adhesive only spreads more and is difficult to remove from the joints later. If, on the other hand, it is left to dry, it can usually be removed easily after the vinyl floor has been laid .

Bonus Tip #3

If you need to interrupt the vinyl floor laying for several hours or days, remove excess adhesive from the substrate.

To do this, it is best to take a wooden board with a straight edge and press the excess adhesive flattened on the floor.

This is particularly important in the area of the edges of the vinyl that has already been laid. Otherwise, the glue must be scraped off with a scraper the next day.

A vinyl floor in the kitchen must meet the high requirements of a floor covering in a busy room. Why vinyl flooring is becoming increasingly popular in the kitchen is due to its special properties.

You can find out here which properties bruno wpml characterise a vinyl flooring, what requirements it must meet, especially in the kitchen, and why it meets these requirements.

For all those who are in a hurry, here are the advantages of having a vinyl floor in the kitchen

The advantages of vinyl flooring in the kitchen

Vinyl flooring in the kitchen is characterized by numerous advantages over other floor coverings:

  • Robust and hard-wearing
    The vinyl floor in the kitchen made of solid vinyl is very much more abrasion resistant than most other floors
  • Low noise
    A vinyl floor is particularly quiet and also warm to the feet. This makes working in the kitchen particularly pleasant
  • Moisture resistant
    A vinyl floor in the kitchen is resistant to water and also to other liquids used in a kitchen, which also applies to vapour formation, which cannot harm solid vinyl. If particularly high levels of moisture are to be expected – as in the bathroom – a sealing primer of PU (polyurethane) or epoxy resin can be applied before laying. This additionally prevents moisture from penetrating the substrate.
    Critical areas, for example door connections, are grouted with silicone for water resistance .
  • Easy to clean
    Thanks to the smooth surface vinyl floors are particularly easy to maintain. Drops can be quickly removed from the kitchen floor with a wipe. The vinyl floor is also quickly vacuumed and wiped. It is also possible to use a steam broom on vinyl without deforming your kitchen floor.
  • Flat construction
    Vinyl flooring for use in the kitchen is available in thicknesses from 5 millimetres upwards. It is therefore particularly suitable for renovation work and as a problem solver if there is little space for an additional structure so that doors do not have to be shortened.
  • Interchangeable
    If a floor is damaged or unsightly at one point, individual vinyl planks can be removed from above and replaced. This applies in particular to a vinyl floor in the kitchen made of solid vinyl which has been glued. This is not possible with click vinyl!
  • Harmless to health
    The German Institut für Bautechnik (DIBt), authorities and various testing institutes set very strict limits for vinyl floors in terms of pollutants and emissions. Their compliance is carefully monitored so that consumers have the desired product safety.
  • Design variety
    A vinyl floor for the kitchen is available as an artificial floor covering in all conceivable designs, colours and formats.
  • Installation types for every situation
    There is no floor covering that offers more variations in terms of installation than vinyl floor
Vinyl flooring in the kitchen
Vinyl floor laid in maple look in the kitchen

Vinyl floor in portrait: durable, abrasion-resistant and harmless to health

Today, vinyl flooring is a modern PVC flooring in an unprecedented variety. Different laying techniques and numerous decors make it a high-quality design floor that is excellent suitable for the kitchen.

Vinyl floors are characterized by a high durability and a very low wear and tear.

Solid vinyl in particular is water-resistant and is therefore also suitable for installation in wet rooms. It can even be cleaned wet or with a steam broom. Vinyl is polyvinyl chloride, which obtains its typical properties through various additives such as fillers, stabilizers :

  • Elastic
  • Durable
  • Abrasion

Phthalates were previously used as plasticizers, which was considered to be a concern and also posed a problem in terms of disposal. However, this has changed in the meantime.

Well-known vinyl floor manufacturers in Europe process harmless substances and refrain from using phthalates. This is also due to the strict requirements for floor coverings produced and certified in the EU. Today’s vinyl floors have also shed their dusty image from years past and are available in modern designs.

Requirements for flooring in a kitchen

A kitchen floor is exposed to a wide range of loads and must therefore meet high requirements.

When washing up quickly, doing the dishes and cooking, not only water drips onto the floor, but also other liquids such as red wine, cola, beer or fat splashes.

It is not always wiped off immediately, so that some things are trodden on the floor. It is therefore important that the floor covering in the kitchen is non-slip to prevent accidents. The same applies to cutlery and especially to edged objects such as knives, which may accidentally fall onto the kitchen floor and damage it.

The hygiene also plays a major role in the kitchen. Greasy liquids, scattered crumbs, pieces of vegetables and fruit that may fall onto the kitchen floor during processing must not be allowed to settle in grooves and cracks. The floor covering in a kitchen should therefore be easy to clean and dirt-repellent, so that things that have fallen down can be swept or wiped away quickly and easily.

The right floor covering for the kitchen must accordingly be waterproof, robust, dirt-repellent, non-slip and heat-resistant.

Vinyl floors for kitchens fulfil these properties, because they are practically indestructible, easy to clean, waterproof and, on top of that, comparatively priced. They are also warmer than a tiled floor, for example, and offer excellent footfall sound properties. Vinyl floors for the kitchen are available in various decors and shapes, as yard ware as well as in floorboard and tile form.

Vinyl flooring in the kitchen
Quickly something goes wrong in the kitchen next to it. Vinyl floors have to withstand this.

The right vinyl floor for the kitchen – robust, water-repellent and design-heavy

Vinyl floors are characterized by a particularly low height and are practical when it comes to the renovation of the kitchen floor.

In any case, we recommend full vinyl with a thickness of 3 to 5 millimeters, which is commonly referred to as “PVC strips”.

Vollvinyl has excellent resistance to moisture, so it is not possible to swell the floor, because full vinyl for the kitchen is 100 percent water-repellent plastic.

Another possibility is click vinyl. These are solid vinyl elements with a thickness of eight to twelve millimeters with “groove and spring” for easy clicking, which are also suitable as floor coverings for the kitchen. Click vinyl is not glued to the substrate, but laid loosely on a foam pad or other type of impact sound insulation. Klickvinyl is also available as a full vinyl, which is at least insensitive to water.

Vinyl floors not suitable for the kitchen:

Ready-made vinyl floors on HDF carrier boards are rather unsuitable for the kitchen. These are highly compacted wood fibreboards, the top layer of which is coated with a very thin vinyl layer. The principle is similar to that of laminate floors. HDF carriers are sensitive to water and high humidity, which can cause them to deform.

One of the special advantages of a vinyl floor in the kitchen is the extraordinary variety of design. Vinyl floors for the kitchen are available in wood designs as replicas of oak, beech or maple, but also as ship flooring, in plank look, in herringbone pattern and in stone look. Even those who favour a tile design in the kitchen will get their money’s worth, because vinyl flooring for the kitchen is also available in a tile look.

Vinyl flooring in the kitchen
This retro vinyl floor can’t do anything.

Why a specialist should lay the vinyl floor in the kitchen

Vinyl floors must meet certain requirements in the kitchen. These can only be fulfilled if the flooring is laid by a specialist.

Among other things, the substrate and the barrier primer must be perfectly applied in order to be able to install the vinyl floor in the kitchen. Very precise work in the areas of the joints is extremely important, on the one hand to ensure the tightness and on the other hand for an excellent appearance with very thin silicone joints.

If a joint is applied too wide, the entire flooring appears inferior.

As a specialist company, we not only install your vinyl floor perfectly in the kitchen, but also support you in choosing the right design. Contact us today!

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With the right care, your vinyl floor will retain its original appearance for a long time. The maintenance effort is not high and can be done in a few steps.

What you need is a care product and a mop or another tool.

There are also certain behaviours and measures that help to remove scratches and pressure marks on the vinyl floor. With a desk chair pad you can also protect your vinyl floor from scratches. What you can do to take proper care of your vinyl floor – you can find out here.

Vinyl floor care: Initial care after laying the vinyl floor

After the laying of the vinyl floor it is advisable to carry out a vinyl floor maintenance immediately.

This basic care ensures that the floor covering is sealed so that it is less susceptible to soiling, dirt deposits and scratches.

After you have cleaned the floor of all impurities, carefully cleaned it and it is dry, you can start with the initial care for the vinyl floor.

Apply a care product suitable for vinyl floors in two work steps, between which at least two hours should be allowed.

To do this, spread the care product onto the floor in a wafer-thin layer using a mop or other tool and leave it to work for two hours.

This long exposure time is necessary so that the care product cannot form streaks.

When using vinyl floor care products, please also follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the label. Then repeat this step once again.

The maintenance film acts like a very thin varnish, which lies protectively over the floor covering. Some vinyl floors are already equipped with a special surface protection, so that initial maintenance after installation of the vinyl floor is unnecessary.

In principle, after each basic cleaning, you should also perform the so-called initial care on vinyl floors with surface protection.

In furnished rooms, you can make your work easier by working in several sections and temporarily removing or moving the furniture out of the way.

If large pieces of furniture are not pushed aside, you must expect that later gloss differences will be visible on the surface.

Maintaining vinyl flooring with the machine
Basic cleaning is an important step before the initial care is applied.

Vinyl floor care: basic cleaning to refresh the flooring

Basic cleaning is an important part of vinyl floor maintenance.

It is not only used to remove stubborn impurities. It is also recommended if your vinyl floor has lost its original shine.

For basic cleaning as a maintenance measure, mix all-purpose cleaner and water in the mixing ratio described on the label.

Apply this mixture to the floor with a mop, wiper or other tool and leave to work for about fifteen minutes.

Then remove residues of cleaning and maintenance products from the surface of the vinyl floor with a scrubbing brush with soft bristles and without a cloth.

Then carefully remove the dissolved dirt with a wipe or mop and wipe the floor covering again with clear water and let it dry.

You can shorten this procedure by using a single-disc machine for basic cleaning, which reliably removes residues of cleaning and care products.

For both variants, carry out the initial care described above, as you should apply a new care film after each basic cleaning to protect the vinyl floor. This is also the way to remove differences in gloss.

Vinyl floor care: How to protect your vinyl floor from damage

Vinyl floors are basically insensitive and easy to maintain. Nevertheless, it is pointed stones, dirt particles and pieces of furniture that can damage it.

But with certain measures you can avoid unpleasant scratches. For example, use protective glides or felt glides under tables, chairs and furniture, which allow smooth gliding without scratching or damaging the floor covering and which prevent pressure points in the floor.

Replace hard castors on office chairs with soft ones. Also, equip the entrance area with sisal, coconut or rubber floor mats so that dirt, stones and dust can be wiped off before entering the living area.

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