Vinyl floors are considered resistant and robust, but they are not indestructible. Heavy furniture, excessive stress or small household accidents can leave their mark. See this article for how to best repair damage to your vinyl floor.
How can damage be caused to the vinyl floor?
The typical damage to vinyl floors can generally be divided into three categories:
- Damage to the surface, such as scratches, grinding marks, cuts or holes
- dents or bubbles and
- Detachments at corners and edges.
While damage to the surface is often caused by carelessness or excessive stress, the causes of the other two types of damage may be insufficient processing quality or moisture.
How does the repair of vinyl floors work?
A major advantage of vinyl floors is that most damage can be repaired relatively easily – even without expert support.
The actual cost of repair depends on the nature and severity of the damage.
In the event of minor damage, vinyl flooring can be repaired in which only the affected area is treated, and in the case of major or more serious damage, replacement of the damaged covering is required.
Remove scratches and grinding marks
Whether by moving a heavy piece of furniture or a stone in the sole of the shoe – punctual excessive stress can cause scratches, grinding marks or small cuts on the vinyl floor.
In case of superficial damage, a suitable vinyl floor repair set helps: The repair liquid applied with a sponge or cloth fills up minor scratches or cuts in the vinyl floor and seals them.
The repair kit thus prevents the damage from spreading to deeper layers of the soil.
Even with special PU cleaners or care products, abrasive traces in the surface can be retouched – these act like a polish, making unsightly scrapes become paler.
On top of that, the vinyl floor gets the necessary care.
It is important that the damaged area is thoroughly cleaned before repair, so that the effect of the sealing or polishing is not affected by dirt or dust.
Repairing the hole
A hole in the vinyl floor not only affects the optics, but also carries the risk of mold formation due to incoming moisture. This is a particular problem with vinyl floors in the bathroom.
It is therefore essential that it be improved quickly. For this purpose, the damaged area is best cut out of the floor and replaced with an precisely adapted counterpart of remnants of the vinyl floor.
It is important to use a metal rail and a very sharp knife to ensure clean, smooth cuts. It works even easier with a perforated iron, with which the damaged area is simply punched out.
Subsequently, the edges of the repair piece used are glued with adhesive tape and the resulting cracks are filled with cold welding agents. If this is dry, the seams are hardly visible anymore.
TIP: If there are no leftovers of the vinyl floor, the hole can also be sealed with (actually intended for wooden floors) repair wax or silicone in the appropriate color.
Another alternative is special repair sticks available from specialist retailers, which are welded to the floor.
If the vinyl floor throws bubbles, there can be two reasons for this: air inclusions during installation or water damage.
In order to be able to repair the vinyl floor, it should therefore first be determined which cause is underlying. For this purpose, the bladder is cut open and lifted with a sharp knife.
If the substrate is dry, the repair can be started immediately, but it is damp, the site must be completely dried before further steps are taken.
In order to remove the curved area, the substrate and the raised vinyl floor plank are cleaned, new vinyl floor glue is evenly distributed on top of it with a spatula and the plank is reinserted.
After the excess glue has been removed at the edges with a clean cloth, the repaired area is smoothed with a rolling pin so that it is fully glued.
Until the glue is completely dried, the place is fixed with a heavy object (e.g. a stack of books).
Re-bonding corners and edges
Loosened corners and edges are basically repaired in a similar way to bubbles.
But in this case the vinyl floor is not cut open, but folded up to the point where there is still a complete hold.
However, caution should be exercised in order not to cause creases. With the help of a hair dryer, old adhesive residues can be easily heated and removed before new glue is applied and the vinyl floor is firmly pressed again.
How can badly damaged vinyl flooring be repaired?
In case of large-scale or more serious damage, it is recommended to replace the vinyl floor completelyat this point.
With floating laid vinyl floors, individual boards can be removedvery easily, as there is no fixed connection to the substrate.
But even glued vinyl flooring can be easily replaced: For this purpose, the damaged vinyl plank is evenly cut and removed with a sharp knife.
Lines in the décor or existing shock lines serve as a guide and later facilitate the exact adjustment of the replacement piece.
For ground elements that are difficult to remove, heating the adhesive with a hair dryer provides an effective remedy.
Unless an entire vinyl floor plank is replaced, the removed floor piece serves as a template for cutting the new element – both in size and shape, as well as in terms of décor.
This is particularly important for vinyl floors with arc-shaped patterns.
In the next step , the longitudinal and transverse spring on the replacement plank is removed (for floating laid floors) and the adhesive is applied evenly (see video above).
While the glue is now drying, the repaired area should be weighed down so that the floor does not bulge.
Helpful home remedies for minor damage
Even if the repair of vinyl floors is not an insoluble task – it is even better, of course, if it can be completely avoided.
For example, through simple tricks or tried-and-tested home remedies like this:
- With cooking oil, fine scratches in the surface can be polished without much effort.
- For dark vinyl floors, such as walnut, scratches can also be treated with dark shoe cream or special repair pins.
- Wax drops are best removed with a plastic spatula. Persistent leftovers put hair dryer swellands and extinguishing paper or paper towels on the peel.
- Even with pressure points or dents, the hair dryer fulfils its purpose: simply heat the affected area in the vinyl floor until the floor becomes soft, remove the pressure point with a rolling pin or wallpaper roller or remove the heated area with a suitable object. Complain.
- Rubber abrasion, such as dark shoe soles, is best removed with PU cleaners.
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