The range of vinyl floors is varied – they are not only available in countless designs and finishes, but also in different strengths. Keeping an overview is not so easy and making the right selection is certainly not. The following summary of the commercially available vinyl floor strengths and their areas of application should help with the decision.
What does the vinyl floor thickness depend on?
With regard to the thickness of vinyl floors, two factors must be taken into account: the support material and the useful layer.
Thickness of the carrier material
The carrier material is basically distinguished in vinyl on HDF carrier plates and solid or full vinyl. Vinyl on HDF is similar in structure to laminate and equipped with a click system.
It can only be laid floating and has a thickness of about 10 mm. In contrast, solid or full vinyl is only available between 2 and 5 mm thick,with and without a click system and suitable for both floating and bonded installation.
The strength of the support material has an impact on the height of the floor, which is particularly important for renovations of existing buildings.
If the vinyl floor is laid on an existing flooring, such as on tiles,especially thinner variants are suitable. But even if the old flooring is removed, attention must be paid to the entire construction height of the existing floor in order to avoid difficulties in sensitive places (e.g. door sleepers).
Strength of the useful layer
What is commonly understood by the strength of the vinyl floor refers mainly to the useful layer.
This surface, which is mostly made of polyurethane, not only determines the appearance of the floor due to the integrated decor, but primarily protects the vinyl from external influences, such as wear, damage, moisture or dirt.
The fact that the stronger this protective useful layer is,the more durable the vinyl floor is, seems unsurprising. But which strengths are suitable in practice for which areas of application?
Vinyl flooring in practice: What strength for which room?
The strength of the useful layer has a significant influence on the resistance and robustness of the soil. Commercially available vinyl floors are available in four different versions:
- 0.2 mm
- 0.3 mm
- 0.55 mm
- 0.7 mm.
The daily stress and load of the respective room plays the decisive role in the selection of the suitable floor.
In living rooms with low loads, such as bedrooms or study rooms, floor coverings with 0.2 mm or 0.3 mm useful layer are completely sufficient.
If the floor is exposed to higher loads, as is the case for example in corridors, kitchens,living rooms and children’s rooms, but especially in wet rooms, the use of vinyl floors with 0.55 mm useful layeris recommended. These are not only easier to clean,but are also more durable and moisture-resistant.
Vinyl floors with a useful layer of 0.7 mm are ideal for the object area.
Whether office, doctor’s office, sales room or warehouse – coverings with a very high useful layer also withstand heavy loads and road dirt, lively customer frequency or occasional loads due to heavy shelves or desk chairs do not leave traces so quickly.
Vinyl floors are available in different thicknesses, the application area of which depends on the height of the floor on the one hand and on the stress of the room on the other.