Even the most robust parquet is not immune from damage.
Daily wear and tear or minor mishaps can quickly cause scratches, holes or dents in the parquet. Learn in this article how to best repair various damage in the parquet.
One of the great advantages of parquet is its durability and durability.
Nevertheless, parquet is not indestructible. However, minor damage in the parquet can usually be repaired relatively easily without having to renovate the whole floor. How macks in the parquet can best be repaired depends on the type of damage.
Remove scratches in the parquet
Scratches in the parquet are only an optical defect in the case of waxed or oiled floors.
In the case of painted parquet, however, the damaged surface sealing can cause permanent damage if dirt or moisture penetrates under the protective layer.
To eliminate scratches in the parquet, there are various possibilities that achieve very good results depending on the depth of the scratches.
Superficial scratches or grinding marks in the parquet can in most cases be removed by polishing.
This method works for oiled or waxed parquet as well as for painted parquet.
For this purpose, furniture polish or repair wax or oil is applied to a soft, lint-free cloth and the scratch is rubbed in until it has disappeared.
However, it is important to note the material compatibility with the parquet, as the damaged areas can otherwise discolor when the agent penetrates into the wood.
Especially with painted parquet, the damaged area can also be easily sanded and then provided with a new layer of diluted lacquer. However, it will hardly be possible to repair the paint without transitions, which can be seen more or less depending on the light incidence.
Even with a walnut, light scratches in the parquet can be treated well. By rubbing with the nut core, the scratch does not disappear completely, but it becomes much less visible. Also suitable parquet care against small scratches in the floor helps.
In addition, there are also special Retouching pins in different colours, with which the scratches in the parquet can be concealed.
Repairing deep scratches and holes in the parquet
Major damage in the parquet, such as deep scratches or holes, can be easily filled with wooden putty.
For this purpose, the parquet must first be thoroughly cleaned with a vacuum cleaner and a damp cloth.
In particular, the damaged site must be clean and completely dry before repair can begin. Subsequently, the wood putty is mixed accordingly, applied to the scratch or hole with a plastic spatula in several layers and smooth coated.
For an optimal colour result, sawdust matched to the parquet floor can be added to the wood putty. Once the wood putty is completely dried – the drying time is between 12 and 24 hours, depending on the product – the repaired area is sanded with sandpaper until the surface is as much as possible aligned with the rest of the parquet.
Eliminate damage in the parquet with repair kit
For deeper scratches, cracks or holes in the parquet, special parquet repair kits are also a good alternative.
These are available in different versions and price categories in DIY stores or specialist retailers.
The most important difference in repair kits is the melt wax contained therein.
While the cheaper variants usually contain relatively soft melt wax, which deforms even at low temperature – such as solar radiation –more expensive repair kits contain high-quality hard wax and are also available in numerous shades.
For such a professional parquet repair kit is to be expected at a cost of around 100,- Euro. An investment that is definitely worthwhile in view of the result.
To repair the damage in the parquet, the hard wax of the parquet repair set is heated and the scratch or hole is filled with it.
In order to get as close as possible to the wood structure, hard wax should be used in various shades of colour.
In some repair sets, the wax can also be mixed with a contained wood paste until the hue corresponds to that of the parquet in the best possible way. Subsequently, scratches, cracks or holes in the parquet can be filled with this mass. However, the wax is not suitable for filling joints in the parquet. Because the material is brittle and therefore unsuitable.
Remaining wax residues can then be removed with a plastic spatula or a plastic card. Finally, the repaired area is cleaned with a dry, soft cloth and re-treated with care products suitable for the respective parquet (polish, oil, sealing varnish).
Repair kits for parquet only achieve an optimal result if the damage in the floor is deep enough.
Because only if the macke in the parquet is correspondingly large, the filling with the hard wax gets the necessary support.
Too little damage should therefore be extended accordinglyin case of case with a cutter or similar tool, when a repair kit is used.
Remove dents in the parquet
If the parquet has a dent, it is sometimes sufficient to moisten it.
Due to the moisture, the parquet swells slightly and the dent is removed.
With more stubborn dents, the iron can also help: Simply place a damp cloth on the appropriate place and gently slide over it with the hot iron.
Thus, the moisture from the hot water vapor can penetrate even better into the wood, the parquet expands and the dent disappears again.
However, this method must be used very carefullyso that the parquet does not swell too much due to too much moisture.
In addition, especially with painted parquet, it should be tested in advance in an inconspicuous place,whether the lacquer can withstand the high temperatures of the iron without damage.
If the dents have been caused by water damage, the dents are Repair, however, is not so easy. In this case, the special procedures for the elimination of water damage.
Partially replace the parquet
If damage can no longer be repaired by the various repair methods, parquet also has the possibility to replace individual elements. For this purpose, the damaged parquet is either cut out with a cut-out barge or a single plank is removed and replaced with a correspondingly adapted, new element.
The partial replacement of parquet is particularly advantageous if loose parquet is present, for example, because the parquet adhesive has dissolved or the click system is damaged.
Grinding the parquet
In the event of large-scale or more serious damage, it may be necessary to grind the parquet inthe course of repair.
With the exception of untreated parquet, this is also partially possible in most cases. However, it should be borne in mind that the sanded area will always differ from the rest of the floor, as the parquet changes its color over time.
Corresponding color differences between repaired and original parquet should therefore be compensated so that the repair is as little visible as possible.
This is often possible by re-treatment of the surface with polish, oil or sealing varnish. However, if this is not the case, the entire parquet floor must ultimately be sanded.
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